Why was the Pyramid of the Sun built?
The original purpose of the Pyramid of the Sun is unknown, though archaeologists believe it originally had an altar on top of the Pyramid. Therefore, it most likely was built to honor a deity. The civilization of Teotihuacan reached its height in the 1st century CE (AD) when the huge pyramid to the sun was built.
The name Pyramid of the Sun comes from the Aztecs, who visited the city of Teotihuacan centuries after it was abandoned; the name given to the pyramid by the Teotihuacanos is unknown. It was constructed in two phases. The first construction stage, around 200 CE, brought the pyramid to nearly the size it is today.
And its origins are a mystery. It was built by hand more than a thousand years before the swooping arrival of the Nahuatl-speaking Aztec in central Mexico. But it was the Aztec, descending on the abandoned site, no doubt falling awestruck by what they saw, who gave its current name: Teotihuacan.
Using the 116-meters long tunnel excavated in the 1930’s decade by archaeologist Eduardo Noguera, the Pyramid of the Sun Project, directed by Alejandro Sarabia, excavated 59 stratigraphic wells and 3 short tunnels, in order to reach the mother-rock level and verify the presence of burials and offerings.
In 2011, archaeologists working under the pyramid’s centre reported finding a cache containing shards of clay pots, pieces of obsidian, animal bones, three greenstone human figurines, and a greenstone mask. In addition, walls of what appeared to be three earlier buildings were uncovered.
Well, what’s inside the Pyramid of the Sun is some 41 million cubic feet of mostly rubble. It is a big pile of mud brick, rocks, and junk. (The same is true of the Feathered Serpent Pyramid, which is why looters and archaeologists could tunnel into it.)
No, unfortunately you can’t enter the pyramids. over a year ago. only outside, they are actually fenced in.
The Teotihuacán built the Pyramids of the Sun and of the Moon between A.D. 1 and 250. Like many Mesoamerican pyramids, each was constructed around a core of rubble held in place by retaining walls. The walls were then faced with adobe bricks, and then covered with limestone.
The Pyramid of the Magician is the first building a visitor encounters entering the ceremonial area of Uxmal, just north of the Ball Game Court and the Palace of the Governor and east of the Nunnery Quadrangle.
Teotihuacan Influence In particular, the city exported fine obsidian tools, including spear and dart heads. Teotihuacan had a monopoly on obsidian trade—the most important deposit in Mesoamerica was located near the city.
Unlike the Olmec ritual centers, Teotihuacan was a true city, having at its height (c. The Olmec and Mayan urban centers tended to be small, serving mostly as places inhabited by priests and other elites, while the bulk of the population lived outside the centers, near the fields they tended.
In 1971, an archaeological team discovered a tunnel underneath the pyramid, its entrance located near the Avenue of the Dead. They dug out the fill in the tunnel finding that it terminated in a cloverleaf shaped chamber which, sadly, had been looted in antiquity. The cave was likely used for rituals of some kind.
The Pyramids of the Sun and the Moon, echoing the shape of the mountains surrounding the valley, served as focal points for Teotihuacan’s urban layout. One of the most significant tombs yet discovered at Teotihuacan, it might indicate that even more important tombs lie buried at the heart of the pyramid.
You will need at list 3 to 4 hours to enjoy the climb and view of both pyramids The sun pyramid takes a good 20 minutes to climb as it is steep.