Maize was their staple food, and since it was such an important crop to them, the Olmec even started believing in a Maize god. Civilization began in coastal lowlands, and by the early 1500s BC, the Olmec already started planting many crops in the rich soil along the banks of the area’s river.
The Olmec likely grew crops such as maize, beans, squash, manioc, sweet potatoes, and cotton.
Archeological evidence indicates Mexico’s ancient Mayan, Aztec and Olmec civilizations depended on maize as the basis of their diet and was their most revered crop. … Maize was the staple food in ancient Mesoamerica and fed both nobles and commoners. 5
The Olmecs and the Mayas. The peoples of the Americas experienced their own Neolithic Revolution in which they learned to grow corn (maize) and other crops.
The Olmec diet mainly consisted of squash, beans, manioc, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, and maize.
Mesoamerican people began to cultivate manioc, beans, chili peppers, avocados, and gourds. By 4000 B.C.E., maize had become the major staple crop of the region. Tomatoes were later added as a crop that they cultivated.
The Olmecs lived in hot, humid lowlands along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico in what is now southern Veracruz and Tabasco states in southern Mexico. The first evidence of their remarkable art style appears about 1200 bce in San Lorenzo, their oldest known building site.
The Olmec created massive monuments, including colossal stone heads, thrones, stela (upright slabs), and statues. They may have been the originators of the Mesoamerican ball game, a ceremonial team sport played throughout the region for centuries.
In South America, agriculture began as early as 9000 BCE, starting with the cultivation of several species of plants that later became only minor crops. In the Andes of South America, the potato was domesticated between 8000 BC and 5000 BC, along with beans, tomatoes, peanuts, coca, llamas, alpacas, and guinea pigs.
Olmec art lived on in ancient Mesoamerican aesthetic traditions as well. The sculptors and painters in Olmec-period Mexico were the first to portray many of the iconic features of self-proclaimed divine rulers in Mesoamerica.
What invention might have increased crop production? The plow could have helped with the size of the crops and a wheeled vehicle could have helped with the transportation of food. How did the Mayas carry food to the cities? They carried food to the cities by manpower.
Olmec farmers grew maize, beans, chilies, tomatoes, and squashes. They kept dogs and chickens for meat. As well as that the Olmecs hunted deer and peccaries (wild pigs). The Olmecs also fished and collected shellfish.
The Olmec were American Indians, not Negroes (as Melgar had thought) or Nordic supermen.”
The men wore breech-cloth, back apron and a belt. The women wore knee length skirts. The priests wore their slaves skin when sacrificed.