Even though the invading Spanish army were vastly outnumbered by the native people, they managed to conquer the Aztec and Incan civilizations in the early 1500s by sailing across the Pacific Ocean and landing on the other side of the continent. The contrasts in expertise and technology that existed between the two sides contributed, in part, to this victory.
The invasion of the Aztec Empire by the Spanish. On August 13, 1521, a coalition army of Spanish soldiers and local Tlaxcalan warriors headed by Cortés and Xicotencatl the Younger seized the emperor Cuauhtemoc and Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire. This event marked the culmination of the Spanish campaign against the Aztec Empire.
After that, the emperor was killed by being strangled, bringing an end to the 300-year reign of the Inca Empire. Significant shifts occurred as a result of the Spanish conquistadors’ victory over the Aztec and Inca empires. These shifts had an impact on both the Americas and Europe. These civilizations were eradicated and suffered a setback as a result of the extensive damage.
In his pursuit of riches, glory, and deity, Cortes set his sights on the Aztec people. As a result of these factors, a significant number of individuals living in the Aztec Empire were miserable. A number of them provided assistance to the Spanish conquistadors during their conquest of the empire.
Why did the Spanish want to take control of the Inca Empire? They had heard that the Inca possessed a significant amount of gold. What is the most important thing that people in the Quechua faith worship? How did the Quechua language make its way from the Amazon to the rest of the Andes?
Why was it that the Spanish were able to overthrow the powerful Aztec Empire despite having a numerical disadvantage? It was due to a number of factors, including the fact that the Aztecs believed they were gods and hence would not hurt them, the fact that smallpox was killing them, and the fact that the Spanish possessed superior weaponry like as firearms and steel swords.
Because of their contribution to the development of Aztec society, the Spanish had a beneficial impact on Aztec civilisation. They taught the Aztecs how to cultivate using European techniques, as well as how to raise domestic animals, sugar, and wheat. The most important thing that the Spanish did was to put an end to the Aztec practice of human sacrifice.
The Spanish explorer and conqueror Francisco Pizarro lays a trap on the Inca ruler, Atahualpa, on November 16, 1532. Pizarro, who had fewer than 200 soldiers to fight several thousand, enticed Atahualpa to a feast held in the emperor’s honor and then opened fire on the unarmed Incans. Atahualpa was killed in the ensuing battle.
The predominant theory holds that the Inca were ultimately vanquished as a result of inferior weaponry, a strategy known as ″open combat,″ sickness, internal turmoil, the daring tactics of the Spanish, and the seizure of their monarch.
The Inca were able to field vast armies that numbered in the tens or hundreds of thousands and were led by skillful generals and veteran troops. The Spanish were vastly outnumbered by their adversaries, but with to their horses, armor, and weaponry, they were able to gain an advantage that was insurmountable for their foes.
Poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain made up the majority of Spanish conquistadors. They were able to conquer the vast empires of the New World with the assistance of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful weaponry.
Christopher Columbus sailed across the ocean for five years in search of a shorter and more direct path to Asia before finally arriving in 1492. They desired wealth as well as the everlasting fame of being the ones who found the superior water highway to Asia in order to travel to Asia. They also desired to propagate their Catholicism throughout the world.
The Aztecs were captivated by the pale complexion of the Spaniards and the sight of men riding horses, which they referred to as ″beasts with two heads and six legs.″ The locals were rendered speechless and even more terrified as a result of the Spanish’s firing of firearms. After entering the city, Cortés proceeded to sack it and take Montezuma as a captive.
The peoples that the Spanish captured were treated in what manner? Inhumanely, the Spanish oppressed the native people and forced them to work on their ″encomienda″ farms, ranches, and mines.