The legend of Machu Picchu and its discovery. The majority of contemporary archaeologists and historians are in agreement that Inca Pachacutec, the greatest statesman of Tahuantinsuyo (what the Inca termed their enormous empire), was responsible for the construction of Machu Picchu. Pachacutec governed from 1438 to 1471.
Machu Picchu’s Inca Past However, there is no proof that the conquistadors ever assaulted or even reached the mountaintop citadel. As a result of this lack of evidence, some people have hypothesized that the occupants of the mountaintop citadel abandoned it because of an outbreak of smallpox. There is also the question of why Machu Picchu is considered to be so exceptional.
The architecture of Machu Picchu was designed to fulfill a specific mandate given to the Incas by Pachacutec, who prioritized the conservation of nature and the natural environment. It is well knowledge that the Inca were not familiar with the wheel; but, in reality, the wheel would not have been of much use due to the slope of the terrain and the location of the monument.
In the 16th century the Spanish came in South America, epidemics devastating the Inca along with military actions undertaken by conquistadors. In 1572, with the collapse of the final Incan capital, their line of monarchs came to end. Machu Picchu, a royal retreat formerly visited by great monarchs, fell into ruin.
It was an important agricultural hub, distant from the main roadways. Still, Machu Picchu remains the great mystery, reason why was not destroyed by the ancient invaders. After Tupac Amaru, the last rebel Inca, was captured, Machu Picchu was abandoned as there was no reason to stay there.
Machu Picchu fell into ruin because it had been used as a refuge for Inca monarchy at the time of the Spanish conquest of Peru. At that time, the Inca nobility were held hostage by the Spanish.
While there were numerous reasons for the fall of the Incan Empire, including foreign plagues and sophisticated armament, the Spaniards adept management of power played a crucial role in this great Empire’s demise.
Many modern-day archaeologists now assume that Machu Picchu operated as a royal estate for Inca monarchs and nobility. Others have hypothesized that it was a religious location, referring to its closeness to mountains and other physical elements that the Incas regarded sacred.
Most Inca mummies were laid in the classic fetal position and were either covered in leather or cloth, or deposited in baskets or under massive pottery jars. These ‘mummy bundles’ were sometimes lavishly painted and buried with food, clothes and other supplies.
History of the fall of the Inca Empire The empire eventually disintegrated into a catastrophic civil war over Inca independence. Historians suggest that Machu Picchu was likely abandoned at this time because expense of maintenance was exorbitant as plague and conflict devastated the surviving male population.
Conquistadors from Spain were responsible for the destruction of almost all known Inca communities, cities, and landmarks. To get an idea of what these people were capable of doing, one need only travel to Cusco. Because of its elevated position, the Spanish conquistadors never discovered Machu Picchu. They were unable to see it from the valley below.
Despite the fact that Machu Picchu is commonly referred to as a ″royal″ estate, it was not part of the traditional line of succession for the Inca empire. Instead, it was utilized for a period of eighty years before it was abandoned, ostensibly as a result of the Spanish victories in other sections of the Inca Empire.
The Inca were once a little tribe who gradually expanded their territory and influence to include the entire coast of South America, from Colombia to Argentina. People remember them for the contributions they made to religion and architecture, as well as the well-known road network they established throughout the region.
The transmission of illness The most common causes of mortality among the Inca population were influenza and smallpox, and both diseases did not discriminate between the nobility and the common people; they struck both.
Due to the fact that the Spanish were unaware that Machu Picchu existed, it was spared from destruction. Because it was constructed so far up in the Andes Mountains, it was hidden from view.
The predominant theory holds that the Inca were ultimately vanquished as a result of inferior weaponry, a strategy known as ″open combat,″ sickness, internal turmoil, the daring tactics of the Spanish, and the seizure of their monarch.