The collapse of the Inca empire began when infectious illnesses including smallpox, measles, chickenpox, and influenza swept over the empire and killed between 50 and 90 percent of the population (The. Display more of the material. What caused the downfall of the Inca Empire? The once-mighty Inca Empire, which ruled much of what is now known as South America, is largely a thing of the past.
Although the decline of the Incan Empire can be attributed to a number of factors, such as the introduction of new diseases and technological advances in armament, the adept political maneuvering of the Spanish was a significant contributor to the collapse of this once-mighty empire.
However, the advent of the Spanish in Inca territory hastened the demise of the Inca Empire, which began before the Spanish arrived in Inca territory; however, the fall of the Inca Empire ultimately destroyed its civilisation. Atahualpa being choked to death by troops serving under Pizarro. Printing plate from 1595, housed in the Bettmann Collection
There are a number of stories and oral traditions that describe how the Inca Empire came into being. It is thought that the Inca first settled in what is now Peru in the 12th century. Cuzco, which is now recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, served as the capital of the first Inca dynasty that Manco Capac founded, which was known as the Kingdom of Cusco.
The Inca Kingdom was a pre-Columbian empire that was situated in the western region of South America. It is considered to be one of the oldest civilizations in the world. It is estimated that the Inca Empire covered around 770,000 square miles (2,000,000 square kilometers) by the year 1527, making it one of the greatest empires in existence throughout the 16th century.
Even after the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the Inca Empire continued to expand throughout its territory. The Spanish queen gave Francisco Pizzaro and his band of conquistadors her royal blessing before they set out to conquer the Inca Empire.