Soon after the Spanish colonization of Cuba in 1519, a small army headed by Hernán Cortés (1485-1547) defeated the Aztecs and took control of Mexico. This event occurred in Mexico.
The invasion of the Aztec Empire by the Spanish. On August 13, 1521, a coalition army of Spanish soldiers and local Tlaxcalan warriors headed by Cortés and Xicotencatl the Younger seized the emperor Cuauhtemoc and Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire. This event marked the culmination of the Spanish campaign against the Aztec Empire.
Hernándo Cortés, Spanish conquistador who conquered Mexico, with Moctezuma II, final Aztec ruler, 1519. In the early stages of Spain’s colonial operations in the Americas, Hernándo Cortés played an important role.
Hernán Cortés, who led the conquest of the Aztec Empire, and Francisco Pizarro, who led the conquest of the Inca Empire, are considered to be the two most renowned conquistadors in history. They were second cousins once removed and had both been born in Extremadura, the region of Spain where many of the Spanish conquistadors originated.