Who Led The Army That Defeated The Aztecs?

Who Led The Army That Defeated The Aztecs?

Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire, was taken by Spanish soldiers led by Hernán Cortés after a siege that lasted three months and lasted there. The city was razed to the ground and the Aztec ruler, Cuauhtémoc, was taken captive by Cortés’ troops.

Who defeated the Aztec army?

  • His full name was Hernán Cortés, marqués del Valle de Oaxaca; he was also known as Hernando Cortés and Fernando Cortés.
  • Hernán Cortés was the first European to explore and settle in what is now Mexico.
  • Cortés, sometimes called Cortéz, was a Spanish conqueror who was responsible for the overthrow of the Aztec empire.
  1. Cortés was born in 1485 in Medelln, which is located near Mérida in Extremadura, Castile, and died on December 2, 1547 in Castilleja de la Cuesta, which is located near Sevilla.

Who led the destruction of the Aztec civilization?

In 1521, a group of foreign invaders headed by the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés successfully destroyed the Aztec Empire and took control of Tenochtitlan, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great indigenous civilisation.

What led to the downfall of the Aztec Empire?

Aztecs did not had any protection to the illnesses brought by Europeans. The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish. The epidemic decimated the Aztec people, causing a significant drop in their population and causing an estimated fifty percent of the people living in Tenochtitlan to perish.

Why did the Aztecs lose to the Spanish?

The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.

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Who helped the Spanish defeat the Aztecs?

The city was taken by the Spanish army with assistance from other forces. According to Cosme, even though Cortés enslaved a significant portion of the local people, other native tribes were essential to the success of his endeavors. The inhabitants of Tlaxcala were among those who assisted him in reorganizing his forces and capturing Tenochtitlan.

Who did the Aztecs conquer?

And by the year 1428, Itzcoatl, also known as ″Obsidian Snake,″ the emperor of the Aztecs, together with Tlacaelel, his principal adviser, led the Aztecs to victory against their former friends and oppressors. The Aztecs built a dominion in the 15th century that eventually included the majority of what is now Mexico under the leadership of a series of ambitious rulers who ruled over them.

What happened shortly thereafter that actually led to the fall of the Aztecs?

What events transpired in the immediate aftermath that ultimately proved to be the undoing of the Aztec empire? Hernan Cortes forms an alliance with Tiaxcala, an adversary of the Aztec people. They launch an assault against the empire.

What happened to the Aztecs after they were conquered?

After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.

Harold Plumb

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