Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire, was taken by Spanish soldiers led by Hernán Cortés after a siege that lasted three months and lasted there. The city was razed to the ground and the Aztec ruler, Cuauhtémoc, was taken captive by Cortés’ troops.
In 1521, a group of foreign invaders headed by the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés successfully destroyed the Aztec Empire and took control of Tenochtitlan, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great indigenous civilisation.
Aztecs did not had any protection to the illnesses brought by Europeans. The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish. The epidemic decimated the Aztec people, causing a significant drop in their population and causing an estimated fifty percent of the people living in Tenochtitlan to perish.
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
The city was taken by the Spanish army with assistance from other forces. According to Cosme, even though Cortés enslaved a significant portion of the local people, other native tribes were essential to the success of his endeavors. The inhabitants of Tlaxcala were among those who assisted him in reorganizing his forces and capturing Tenochtitlan.
And by the year 1428, Itzcoatl, also known as ″Obsidian Snake,″ the emperor of the Aztecs, together with Tlacaelel, his principal adviser, led the Aztecs to victory against their former friends and oppressors. The Aztecs built a dominion in the 15th century that eventually included the majority of what is now Mexico under the leadership of a series of ambitious rulers who ruled over them.
What events transpired in the immediate aftermath that ultimately proved to be the undoing of the Aztec empire? Hernan Cortes forms an alliance with Tiaxcala, an adversary of the Aztec people. They launch an assault against the empire.
After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.