The majority of the lines, it is believed by scientists, were drawn by the Nasca people, who were at the height of their civilization from about 1 AD to 700 AD. Certain regions of the pampa have the appearance of a chalk board that has been heavily used, with lines that overlay one another and patterns that are cut through with straight lines that have both ancient and more recent roots.
According to research conducted by scholars, the Nasca people, who lived in the area from from 1 AD to 700 AD at the height of their civilization, were responsible for drawing the lines. It is possible that members of the Chavin and Paracas civilizations, who existed before the Nazca people, were also responsible for the creation of some of the geoglyphs.
The Nazca constructed their lines using wooden posts that were tied together with rope. They placed the stakes in a line in order to use them as a guide. They were able to create exceedingly lengthy lines and forms by using this approach, which allowed them to repeat the procedure.
They were discovered in 1927 by the Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Meja Xesspe, who was strolling through the foothills when he came across them.In 1939, he presented his ideas on the subject at a symposium in Lima.It is generally accepted that Paul Kosok, an American historian from Long Island University in New York, was the first academic to conduct an in-depth investigation of the Nazca Lines.
The artwork was discovered by a Peruvian archaeologist in 2014 while attending an exhibition in Germany on the Nazca Lines. The Nazca Lines are expansive and detailed designs etched into the desert floor that draw tens of thousands of tourists each year. A image that was shot in the early 1970s shows what seemed to be a mystery killer whale god etched into the side of a dry hill.
Research that was conducted more recently showed that the purpose of the Nazca Lines was connected to water, which is a precious commodity in the dry regions that are found in the Peruvian coastal plain.The geoglyphs were not employed as part of an irrigation system or as a guide to find water; rather, they were included in a ceremony that was performed to the gods in an effort to bring about much-needed rain.
The Nazca Lines were produced by removing a layer of ruddy stones off the surface of the earth in order to expose a ground that was whiter below. Where in the world, in the modern day, was the Inca Empire established? The majority of Inca ceramics was painted with scenes from mythology and figures associated with several religions. Mayans are responsible for the creation of the Nazca lines.
Squatters provide the greatest danger to Peru’s historic and heritage sites, as the country’s Ministry of Culture claims to receive between 120 and 180 reports of unlawful encroachments every year. In the end, the Nazca Lines have succumbed to the same fate as so many other historical sites: they have been ruined by their own reputation.
Between the years 200 BCE and 600 CE, the Nazca civilisation thrived along the coast of Peru’s southernmost region. Cahuachi and Ventilla, respectively, were their most important religious and urban centers when they established their homes in the Nazca Valley and the other valleys in the surrounding area.
Even though parts of the Nazca Lines certainly predate the Nazca and are thought to be the work of the older Paracas civilisation, the majority of the Nazca Lines were made by the inhabitants of the Nazca culture more than 2,000 years ago. This society flourished from from 200 BCE to 600 CE.
The idea that the lines had some kind of religious significance is the one that is held by the most people. The lines were sacrifices made to their gods, who, from their heavenly abodes, would have been able to observe the offerings. Others in the scientific community believe that these are holy paths that the ancient Nazca people trodden during the religious rites that they practiced.
The demise of the civilisation began about the year 500 AD, and it continued until it was fully eradicated around the year 750 AD. It is believed that this took place as a result of extensive and severe flooding that was prompted by an El Nio.
Geoglyphs known as the Nazca Lines, which can also be written as the Nasca Lines, can be found in a dry coastal region of Peru and encompass an area that is around 170 square miles (450 square kilometers). They may be found scratched into the ground and number in the millions. They portray animals that come from both the real world and from the human imagination.