It is the year 1532, and a group of conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro are making their way through the Andes in order to capture the Inca Empire.
One of the most significant military operations that took place during the Spanish colonization of the Americas was the conquest of the Inca Empire by the Spanish. This event is also referred to as the Conquest of Peru. The invasion of the Inca Empire by the Spanish.
|Location||Western South America|
The Andean mountains of Peru were the birthplace of the Inca civilisation, which flourished there sometime in the early 13th century. In the year 1532, the Spanish launched their invasion of the Inca Empire, and in the year 1572, they successfully took control of the final Inca fortress.
Hernán Cortés and a small band of soldiers were able to bring down the Aztec empire in Mexico between the years 1519 and 1521. Francisco Pizarro and his troops were able to bring down the Inca empire in Peru between the years 1532 and 1533. These victories created the groundwork for the colonial governments that would go on to radically alter the American continent.
Pizarro, who had fewer than 200 soldiers to fight several thousand, enticed Atahualpa to a feast held in the emperor’s honor and then opened fire on the unarmed Incans. Atahualpa was killed in the ensuing battle. The Inca people were slaughtered by Pizarro’s troops, and Atahualpa was captured and coerced into converting to Christianity before he was finally put to death.
Although the decline of the Incan Empire can be attributed to a number of factors, such as the introduction of new diseases and technological advances in armament, the adept political maneuvering of the Spanish was a significant contributor to the collapse of this once-mighty empire.
Any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, particularly in the 16th century in Mexico and Peru, is referred to as a conquistador. The word ″conquistador″ comes from the Spanish word ″conquista,″ which means ″conqueror.″
Fewer than two hundred Spanish conquistadors were responsible for the collapse of the enormous Inca Empire. These conquistadors were responsible for the deaths of tens of thousands of Inca soldiers. The first Europeans to establish contact with the Inca Empire were Pizarro and his 168 conquistadors. Pizarro was the leader of this expedition.
The Spanish were successful in their conquest of North and South America not only due to their possession of horses, dogs, firearms, and swords, but also due to the fact that they carried viruses with them that caused many native Americans to get ill. Native Americans had never been exposed to diseases such as measles or smallpox; as a result, they lacked immunity to these conditions.