The Olmecs (/ lmks, ol -/) were the dominant Mesoamerican civilisation that existed the oldest in known history.As a result of a positive turn of events in Soconusco, they settled in the tropical lowlands that are now a part of the states of Veracruz and Tabasco in modern-day Mexico.It has been hypothesized that the Olmecs were descended, at least in part, from the Mokaya or Mixe–Zoque cultures that were in the area.
Who exactly were the Olmec people? The Olmec were the first significant civilisation to emerge in what is now Mexico. In the states of Veracruz and Tabasco in modern-day Mexico, which are located on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, they resided in the tropical lowlands. The word ″Olmec″ comes from the Nahuatl language, which was spoken in Aztec culture. It means ″the rubber people.″
It is believed that Olmec, the first elaborate pre-Columbian civilization of Mesoamerica (circa 1200–400 bce), was responsible for establishing many of the fundamental patterns that were later manifested by later American Indian cultures of Mexico and Central America, most notably the Maya and the Aztec. The Olmec civilization flourished between the years 1200 and 400 bce.
The passage of so much time has resulted in the loss of a significant amount of knowledge on their culture. For instance, it is unknown if the Olmec civilization ever produced written works as the Maya and Aztecs did. If there were were any books of this kind, it is quite likely that they have been destroyed by the humid environment of the Gulf Coast of Mexico.
Around 1200 B.C., the Olmec civilisation began to develop along the Gulf Coast of southern Mexico, in an area that the Aztecs would later refer to as Olman, also known as ″The Rubber Country.″ There, swift streams connected to enormous rivers, and the land was simple to produce, in addition to having abundant trees that provided sources of food.
More than three thousand years ago, between the years 1500 and 400 B.C., the Olmec civilisation flourished in a number of civic and ceremonial cities located around the Gulf of Mexico.The Olmec were masters of monumental sculpture, and they produced a wide variety of other remarkable artworks made of stone, pottery, and other materials.The Olmec are most known for their carvings of huge stone heads.
The decline of Olmec culture and civilization La Venta began to fall into disrepair about the year 400 B.C., and it was finally abandoned completely. The traditional Olmec civilization perished along with the city of La Venta when it was destroyed. In spite of the fact that Olmec ancestors continued to have descendants living in the area, the culture itself died out.
Terracotta art from the Olmec culture depicts individuals engaged in a wide variety of activities, from fighting to crafting ceramics. When seen in hindsight, there is no room for dispute that the ancient Olmecs of Mexico, as well as their language, religion, and culture, were descended from Africans, and more especially, the Mende people of West Africa.
There is a school of thought among historians that the Mayans were descended from the Olmec people.
Since around 2500 BCE, the region was home to thriving Pre-Olmec cultures; nevertheless, by 1600–1500 BCE, the Early Olmec civilisation had established its presence there. They were the earliest civilisation in Mesoamerica and were responsible for establishing many of the foundations upon which other civilizations, such as the Maya, were built.
In the region that is now southern Mexico, the most important Olmec sites are located at San Lorenzo, La Venta, Laguna de los Cerros, and Tres Zapotes.
The Epi-Olmec civilisation finally replaced the Olmec civilization between 300 and 250 BCE. The Olmec civilization grew and prospered at locations like as La Venta and San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán. The Valley of Oaxaca was the birthplace of the Zapotec civilisation, whereas the Valley of Mexico was the birthplace of the Teotihuacan civilization.
It is believed that the monuments are portraits of powerful individual Olmec monarchs since the exceptionally massive slabs of stone that were used in their manufacture were brought across significant distances. This required a tremendous deal of human labor and resources.
To provide a concise summary, the Olmecs began their civilization 1,200 years after the Maya, yet the Maya were the first to develop their civilization.