READ MORE: What Led to the Collapse of the Maya Civilization There is a possibility that the collapse of the Maya civilization in the southern lowlands was caused by a combination of all three of these factors: overpopulation and abuse of the land, chronic warfare, and drought.
Webster believes that it is a stretch for Gill to say that the Maya civilisation would have been wiped out since all of the water in the region would have dried up, despite the fact that Webster does not have an alternative explanation that explains the Classic Maya Collapse in precise detail.
During the early Classic Period, the city of Teotihuacan was at its height, and significant commercial connections developed between Teotihuacan and the Mayan civilization. It is thought that the city of Teotihuacan witnessed a fast decline and collapse somewhere in the 7th century.
It wasn’t until then that the Spanish colonial dominance was responsible for the decimation of the Maya people and the end of their prosperous cultural practices. The Maya are accused of having an excessive population as well as poor management of the environment and its natural resources.
Maya historians have, for the most part, come to the conclusion that the collapse of Maya civilization was most likely caused by a confluence of three primary causes: fighting between Maya city-states, overpopulation, and drought. The factors did not always coexist at the same time or can be present in a single city all at the same time.
There is a possibility that the collapse of the Maya civilization in the southern lowlands was caused by a combination of all three of these factors: overpopulation and abuse of the land, chronic warfare, and drought.
The two ″great dry interludes″ that occurred during the era — around 850 to 1000 A.D. — when the Maya civilisation appears to have disintegrated are of the utmost importance to him, and he recognized that these events occurred.
What factors, such as warfare, contributed to the fall of the Mayan civilization? The downfall of the civilisation is shown by the growth in the construction of defensive walls and the enormous number of arrowheads that were manufactured during the time in question.
Although it is referred to as a collapse, it did not mark the end of the Maya civilization; rather, it marked a shift away from the Southern Lowlands as a power center; the Northern Yucatán in particular prospered afterwards, although with very different artistic and architectural styles, and with much less use of monumental hieroglyphic writing.
A Spanish bishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Yucatán named Diego de Landa was responsible for the destruction of the majority of the Mayan codices. 1524-1579.
The Postclassic period refers to the time period that spans from 900 CE to 1600 CE and follows the second collapse of the Maya Empire. The most plausible explanation for this movement in the location of the center of power is that population centers moved from the central lowlands to the northern peninsula in their pursuit for more reliable water resources and more social stability.
Numerous contributors to the downfall of the city of Copán are still active in the world today. Climate change and environmental degradation are causing a domino effect of problems that include extreme overcrowding, drought, and the depletion of soil, which in turn leads to pandemics, the loss of inhabitable land, and global migration.
Itza Maya and other lowland groups in the Petén Basin were first contacted by Hernán Cortés in 1525, but they remained independent and hostile to the encroaching Spanish until 1697, when a concerted Spanish assault led by Martn de Urza y Arizmendi finally defeated the last independent Maya kingdom. Martn de Urza y Arizmendi was the leader of the Spanish assault.
He discovered that the majority of the Mayans had already suffered from the effects of smallpox.