Although the government of Chile recognizes the Collas as a distinct indigenous ethnic group, they are really the heirs of an Aymara civilisation that existed before to the Inca empire and currently reside mostly in the Atacama area. During the Inca conquest, they are most remembered for their battles with the Lupaca, who were also an Aymara-speaking tribe.
At its height, the Inca state, often referred to as Tawantinsuyu, covered an area that extended from the north of Ecuador to the middle of Chile and had a population of 12 million people who belonged to more than 100 distinct ethnic groups.
Fortifications were built by the Incas in northern and central Chile during the middle and late 15th century.These fortifications stretched from the extreme north to an area that is now close to where Rancagua is located.These portions of Chile were a part of the Inca Empire’s Qullasuyu province, which was located in the south-eastern section of the empire while it was ruled by the Incas.
Qullasuyu is Quechua meaning ″southern region.″
The Inca Trail in Chile is a hiking trail that follows the path of the Incas.Proceed to the navigation menu Proceed to the search.El Camino del Inca en Chile is a local term that has gained popularity among local tourism initiatives, as well as among Chilean anthropologists and archaeologists.
This term refers to the various branches of the Qhapak ‘an (the Inca road system) that are located in Chile, along with the Inca archaeological sites that are associated with those branches.
At its height, the Inca state, often referred to as Tawantinsuyu, covered an area that extended from the north of Ecuador to the middle of Chile and had a population of 12 million people who belonged to more than 100 distinct ethnic groups.Along with a centralized religion and language, well-developed agricultural and highway infrastructure were also crucial in the state’s ability to remain unified.
The reign of the Inca in Chile was very short, beginning in the 1470s and ending in the 1530s when Spain took control of what was left of the Inca Empire. Along the Aconcagua, Mapocho, and Maipo rivers in Chile were where the Inca Empire’s most important towns could be found. Quillota, located in the Aconcagua Valley, was perhaps the most important Inca town.
Pre-Columbian period.Finds from archaeological digs indicate that the Mapuche civilisation was present in both Chile and Argentina as early as 600 to 500 BC.The genetic makeup of the Mapuche people is distinct from that of the neighboring indigenous peoples of Patagonia.
This points to a ″different origin or long term separation of Mapuche and Patagonian people″ as the most likely explanation.
In accordance with Law 19.253, the Chilean State recognizes the Mapuche, Aymara, Rapanui, Atacameo or Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Chango, Diaguita, Kawésqar, and Yagán as the principal indigenous peoples of Chile. Other indigenous languages recognized by the state include Colla, Chango, Diaguita, Kawésqar, and Yagán.
The Mapuche are the most numerous indigenous tribes in Chile, accounting for around 84 percent of the country’s overall indigenous population, or approximately 1.3 million people.
El Camino del Inca en Chile is a local term that has gained popularity among local tourism initiatives, as well as among Chilean anthropologists and archaeologists. This term refers to the various branches of the Qhapak ‘an (the Inca road system) that are located in Chile, along with the Inca archaeological sites that are associated with those branches.
At its height, the Inca Empire included much of what is now the countries of Peru, western Ecuador, western and southern Bolivia, northwest Argentina, a significant chunk of what is now Chile, and southwest Colombia. The Inca Empire was founded in 1533.
|Government type||Divine, absolute monarchy|
|1471 – 1493||Túpac Inca Yupanqui|
|1493 – 1527||Huayna Capac|
|1527 – 1532||Huáscar|
Chile is about half descended from Europeans and half descended from Native Americans according to genetic analysis (with about 4 percent African). Chileans are genetically and culturally less indigenous than the neighboring Andean nations to the north, and in most aspects they are comparable to Argentinians. The Andean nations to the north are located to the north of Chile.
Quechua, Quechua Runa, and other South American Indians who live in the Andean highlands from Ecuador to Bolivia are known as Quechua or Quechua Runa.Quechua, which was the language of the Inca empire (though it predates the Inca), and which subsequently became the lingua franca of the Spanish and Indians throughout the Andes, is spoken by them in numerous regional variants.Quechua was the language of the Inca empire.
Galvarino was a notable Mapuche warrior who lived during the majority of the early part of the Arauco War and passed away around the 30th of November in 1557. He fought in the Battle of Lagunillas against governor Garca Hurtado de Mendoza, and was captured together with one hundred and fifty other Mapuche. He was taken prisoner along with them.
In varied degrees, the vast majority of Chileans are descended through mixing between European ethnic groups (predominantly Spaniards and Basques) and indigenous peoples of Chile’s present area (predominantly Mapuche).
Chile’s indigenous population is comprised of ten distinct groups. The Mapuche people are the most numerous, followed by the Aymara, the Diaguita, the Lickanantay, and the Quechua groups of people in that order. Only Chile, out of all of the countries in Latin America, has a constitution that does not acknowledge the region’s indigenous peoples.
A new Indigenous Law, number 19.253, was ratified by the Chilean Congress in 1993. This law recognized the presence of eight distinct ″ethnic groups and communities″ inside the country of Chile.
Between the years 1861 and 1883, the Republic of Chile carried out a series of operations that put an end to the independence of the Mapuche people.These campaigns resulted in the deaths of thousands of Mapuche people as a result of conflict, pillaging, and epidemics of malnutrition and smallpox.During the 1870s, Argentina led military operations that were quite comparable to these on the eastern side of the Andes.
Pedro Lira was a Chilean painter who, throughout the nineteenth century, had the greatest impact on the development of national art.
It is believed that the Mapuche are the direct ancestors of the ancient pre-Hispanic cultures of Pitrén (which existed between 100 and 1100 CE) and El Vergel (which existed between 1100 and 1450 CE) that inhabited the territories that are currently occupied by the Mapuche.