The Valley of Mexico was the birthplace of the Aztec civilisation. The valley was sandwiched between towering mountains and was encircled by lakes, which provided the Aztecs with fish, waterfowl, drinkable water, and reeds for thatching and weaving.
(Exhibit more) Aztecs, also known by their self-given name Culhua-Mexica, were a Nahuatl-speaking people who governed a huge empire in what is now the central and southern regions of Mexico during the 15th and early 16th centuries.
Whereabouts in the Americas did the Mayans, Incas, and Aztecs live? Mesoamerica encompassed an area that reached from the middle of what is now Mexico to what is now Costa Rica. Both the Maya and the Aztecs had their homelands in this region. The land of the Incas was situated in the Andes Mountains, which run parallel to the western coast of South America.
Before the advent of the Spanish, the Maya, Aztec, and Inca had already created huge civilizations that were quite sophisticated. There are many similarities between the Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations that once flourished in Central and South America. These civilizations shared many of the same cultural traits.
At its height, the Inca Empire included not only Peru but also western and south central Bolivia, southwest Ecuador, and a significant chunk of what is now Chile’s northern region, all of which are located above the Maule River.
Where exactly did the Maya call home? Chiapas and Yucatán, both of which are now a part of southern Mexico, as well as parts of Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, and El Salvador, as well as Nicaragua, were all occupied by the Mayan civilisation at one point or another.
According to an old tale, the ancestors of the Aztec people originally came to Mexico City from a country to the north known as the land of four rivers and red rocks. However, the precise location of the Aztec homeland, which was more appropriately known as the Mexica homeland, is still buried in myth and mystery.
At its beginning, the Aztec empire was more of a loose alliance between three cities: Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan, which played the role of the junior partner. As a result of this, people referred to them as the ″Triple Alliance.″ In Mesoamerica, where the relationships between city-states were constantly shifting, this type of political structure was highly frequent.
What caused the Aztecs to go extinct? Researchers Have Discovered Some New Leads. Salmonella might have been a contributing factor in an epidemic that occurred in the 16th century and claimed the lives of millions of people. Aztecs living in what is now the southern region of Mexico were affected by a devastating epidemic from 1545 to 1550.
In the middle of the 15th century, it is thought that Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, the ninth Inca king, was responsible for the construction of Machu Picchu. As a builder of empires, Pachacuti was responsible for the beginning of a series of conquests that would eventually lead to the expansion of the Inca kingdom over South America, all the way from Ecuador to Chile.
According to Elward, ″the majority of those who are still living in the towns of San Sebastian and San Jeronimo, Cusco, Peru, at the current time are perhaps the most homogenous group of Inca descent.″