South American Indians who, at the time of the Spanish conquest in 1532, ruled an empire that extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands all the way from the northern border of modern-day Ecuador to the Maule River in the center of Chile. The Inca, who are also spelled as Inka, are known by both of these spellings.
Jesse Lewis is due credit for this. The Inca Kingdom was a massive empire that thrived in the Andean area of South America from the early 15th century A.D. up until it was conquered by the Spanish in the 1530s. Its origins may be traced back to the time when the Spanish first arrived in the region.
(Photo by Jesse Lewis; used with permission) The Inca Kingdom was a massive empire that thrived in the Andean area of South America from the early 15th century A.D.up until it was conquered by the Spanish in the 1530s.Its origins may be traced back to the time when the Spanish first arrived in the region.Even after they had been defeated, Inca chiefs continued to put up a fight against the Spanish invaders right up until the final city, Vilcabamba, fell into Spanish hands in 1572.
Between the years 1438 and 1533, the Incas successfully absorbed a significant chunk of western South America, concentrated on the Andean Mountains.This was accomplished via a variety of means, including military conquest and peaceful absorption.At the height of its power, the empire stretched throughout Peru, southwest Ecuador, western and south central Bolivia, northwest Argentina, and southeastern Brazil.
Between the years 1438 and 1533, when the Spanish first landed in South America, the Inca Empire was at its height of power and prosperity on the continent. Between the years 1200 and 1438, the Incas were thought to be a tribe that had progressively grown to inhabit an area that was 800,000 square kilometers (or 308,882 square miles).
Because of the mountains’ precipitous slopes, there was a restriction placed on the quantity of arable ground that could be utilized for farming.Finding water for the crops was another challenge that they faced.The Inca developed a method of farming called as terrace farming in order to address this issue.They created terraces by building walls on the slopes of the hills and then filling the terraces with soil.
A wide coastal desert, the rocky peaks of the Andes Mountains, and the thick Amazon Jungle were some of the natural impediments that the Inca had to contend with.
At its height, the Inca Empire included much of what is now the countries of Peru, western Ecuador, western and southern Bolivia, northwest Argentina, a significant chunk of what is now Chile, and southwest Colombia. Inca empire.
|Government type||Divine, absolute monarchy|
|1471 – 1493||Túpac Inca Yupanqui|
|1493 – 1527||Huayna Capac|
|1527 – 1532||Huáscar|
40,000 Incas were responsible for the administration of a vast territory that included ancient Ecuador, Peru, northern Chile, Bolivia, upland Argentina, and southern Colombia. This territory stretched 5,500 kilometers (3,400 miles) from north to south and included approximately 10 million people who spoke over 30 different languages.
Daily life in the Inca empire was characterized by strong family relationships, agricultural labor, sometimes enforced state or military service for males, and occasional lighter moments of festivities to celebrate important life events in the community and highlights in the agricultural calendar. This was all part of the Inca empire’s agricultural society.
Today, the people who speak Quechua and live in the middle Andes, the majority of whom are farmers, are considered to be Inca descendants. The descendants of the Incas make up over half of the people in the country of Peru.
According to Elward, ″the majority of those who are still living in the towns of San Sebastian and San Jeronimo, Cusco, Peru, at the current time are perhaps the most homogenous group of Inca descent.″
During the 12th century A.D., the Inca initially made their appearance in what is now the southeast region of Peru. Some versions of their origin stories state that the sun god Inti was responsible for their creation. In these versions, Inti is said to have dispatched his son Manco Capac to Earth via the midst of three caverns in the settlement of Paccari Tampu to bring the Incas with him.
In the years 1150 to 1250 B.C., while they were still a relatively tiny tribe, the Incas went in quest of farmland. They eventually discovered it in the rich mountain valleys of Cusco. They controlled and built upon the accomplishments of their forefathers in order to create the biggest pre-Columbian civilisation in the Americas, which was known as the Inca Civilization.
Machu Picchu is an Inca fortress that dates back to the 15th century and is situated in the Eastern Cordillera in southern Peru on a mountain crest that is 2,430 meters high.
The Inca Empire, which had its capital in Cusco, covered an area that stretched from what is now Chile to what is now Colombia. The Inca culture was highly developed, and the empire’s varied climates allowed for the cultivation of around seventy distinct plant species.
The meaning of the term ″Inca″ 1a: a person who was a part of the Quechuan peoples of Peru and who maintained an empire until it was conquered by the Spanish. b: a monarch or nobleman who ruled over the Inca empire. 2: a member of any people who were influenced by the Inca empire.