The Aztecs originated in the middle part of the Valley of Mexico, and it was from this site that their empire spread to other, more southern parts of the region. These zones extend from the coast of Chiapas all the way to Guatemala, occupying the modern territories of the states of Mexico, Veracruz, Guerrero, Puebla, and Oaxaca as well as parts of Chiapas.
Established in 1427, the Aztec Empire was a confederation of three city-states: Tenochtitlan, the city-state of the Mexica or Tenochca; Texcoco; and Tlacopan, once a component of the Tepanec empire, whose most powerful city was Azcapotzalco. Tenochtitlan was the capital of the Aztec Empire.
Because Aztec auxiliary troops accompanied Spanish colonizers on the early expeditions that mapped New Spain, many towns, cities, and regions in Mexico were given their Nahuatl names when they were founded. This is especially true in central Mexico, which was the heart of the Aztec empire. However, Aztec place names can also be found in other parts of the country.
At its height, the alliance ruled the majority of central Mexico in addition to some more remote regions within Mesoamerica. One of these territories was the Aztec exclave of Xoconochco province, which was located close to the modern-day border with Guatemala. Scholars have used terms like ″hegemonic″ and ″indirect″ to characterize the form of authority exercised by the Aztecs.
The Aztecs were a Native American tribe that lived in northern Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest in the early 16th century.They held the majority of political and military power in the region.The Aztecs were a nomadic people who finally settled on many tiny islands in the middle of Lake Texcoco.It was there that in 1325 they established the town of Tenochtitlan, which is now the capital of Mexico.
The Mexica people of Tenochtitlan (now the location of Mexico City), situated on an island in Lake Texcoco, referred to themselves as Mxihcah (Nahuatl pronunciation:, a tribal designation that included the Tlatelolco), Tenochcah (Nahuatl pronunciation:, a tribal designation that included the Tlatelolco), and Aztec (Nahuatl pronunciation:). In today’s usage, the
The territory that is now Mexico was formerly home to the Aztec people. They chose to construct their capital in the site that is now known as Mexico City.
In 1521, a group of foreign invaders headed by the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés successfully destroyed the Aztec Empire and took control of Tenochtitlan, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great indigenous civilisation.
Aztecs, also known by their self-given name Culhua-Mexica, were a Nahuatl-speaking people who governed a huge empire in what is now the central and southern regions of Mexico during the 15th and early 16th centuries.
Nahua is the name that has come to be used for the Aztecs’ descendants in modern times. More than one and a half million Nahua people make their life in tiny settlements that are spread out throughout wide swaths of rural Mexico. These people make their living mostly by farming and sometimes by selling handicrafts.
The Aztecs, now headed by Cuauhtemoc, ultimately capitulated after 93 days of struggle on the fatal day of August 13, 1521 CE. They had run out of food and were being devastated by the smallpox illness, which had been introduced to the Aztecs by one of the Spaniards previously. The city of Tenochtitlan was pillaged, and its monuments were obliterated.
According to Nichols and Rodrguez-Alegrá (2017), the Aztecs achieved their goal of becoming the dominant force in Mesoamerica by employing this technique. As a result, they established an empire that was rich in cultural, linguistic, and ethnic diversity. The Nahuas are the most numerous indigenous people in Mexico and are generally recognized as being modern-day descendants of the Aztecs.
According to an old tale, the ancestors of the Aztec people originally came to Mexico City from a country to the north known as the land of four rivers and red rocks. However, the precise location of the Aztec homeland, which was more appropriately known as the Mexica homeland, is still buried in myth and mystery.
During the time that they were in power, the Aztecs farmed vast tracts of land. Corn, beans, and squash were the three most important foods in their diet. They added chiles and tomatoes to these ingredients. They also gathered a species of crayfish-like critter called an acocil, which is common in Lake Texcoco, as well as a type of algae called spirulina, which they baked into cakes.
There are currently only one to one and a half million native speakers of the Aztec language in Mexico. The majority of these speakers may be found in the state of Veracruz, which is located on the westernmost edge of the Gulf of Mexico. However, contemporary Nahuatl is only sometimes taught in classrooms and institutions, whether in Mexico or the United States.
Stone or brick that had been dried up in the sun were common building materials for the dwellings of wealthy people.The Aztec ruler resided in a massive palace that had a significant number of chambers as well as gardens.Everyone who was fortunate had a separate bathroom that was equipped with something akin to a steam room or a sauna.The daily ritual of bathing was an essential component of Aztec existence.
The Aztecs were initially composed of North American farmers and warriors who had previously settled in that region but were forced to abandon their homeland. This was possibly due to the fact that their crops were unsuccessful or that there was a lack of water. They traveled south till they reached Mesoamerica. They continued their journey till they came across the ″promised land.″
By August of 1521, the once-magnificent metropolis of Tenochtitlan had fallen into disrepair.The region once inhabited by the Aztecs was rechristened ″New Spain,″ and the process of colonization got underway.After the Conquistadors were driven out of Mexico, bureaucrats and colonial officials took their place.Mexico remained a Spanish colony until 1810, when it launched its struggle for independence.