They are Yanomami, also spelled Yanomamö or Yanoamö, a group of South American Indians who speak a Xirianá language and inhabit remote forests in the Orinoco River basin in southern Venezuela and the northernmost reaches of the Amazon River basin in northern Brazil. Yanomami are also known as Xirianá language speakers.
Their current total population is around 38,000 people. The Yanomami area in Brazil is more than twice the size of Switzerland, with more than 9.6 million hectares. The Yanomami people of Venezuela dwell in the 8.2 million acre Alto Orinoco – Casiquiare Biosphere Reserve, which covers 8.2 million acres.
The Yanomami are well-known for their abilities as hunters, fishermen, and horticulturists. Cooking plantains and cassava are the primary crops grown by the ladies in their backyard gardens. Men are responsible for the hard lifting required for clearing wooded areas to make way for the gardens. Grubs are another source of nutrition for the Yanomami.
Many of the factors that appear to be causing violent conflict among the Yanomami are based on cultural traditions that have been extremely common all over the world and predate Western contact, such as wife capture raids, sorcery accusations, and revenge attacks, all of which are thought to be causing the conflict.
Endocannibalism is a strange burial ceremony used by this tribe that is similar to cannibalism. It is the practice of consuming the flesh of a deceased person from the same group, tribe, or civilization that is referred to as endocannibalism. The Yanomami are a local people that believe that once the body dies, the soul must be preserved in order to continue living.
The Yanomami eat the majority of what the jungle has to offer in terms of food, which includes a diverse range of edibles. This includes anything from snakes and wild pigs to monkeys and deer as well as a wide variety of insects, larvae, and fish to crabs and wild honey as well as plantain and sweet potato as well as palm fruits and other tropical fruits.
Maria Lucimar Pereira, a member of the Kaxinawá tribe who lives in the Brazilian Amazon, is rumored to be the world’s oldest living person. According to Survival International, Pereira will be celebrating her 121st birthday in the near future.
In Brazil and Venezuela, the Yanomami are a large indigenous people living in the Amazon jungles and mountains that surround both countries. More than 35,000 people resided in over 250 communities in this tribe at one time, making them the largest tribe in the world. This tribe has been around for more than 8,000 years and is still active now.
Shouting contests, chest beating bouts, club fights, axe and sword battles, bow and arrow shoots, and other forms of conflict resolution are some of the ways used by the Yanomami to resolve disputes (Chagnon, 1988).
Because of the hot heat, the Yanomami don’t dress in a lot of layers when it comes to clothes. It is their favorite thing to do is to dress yourself in flowers and feathers. They will also frequently puncture their faces with bones in order to add even more adornment.
The Yanomami people of Venezuela are endangered by a lack of health-care facilities, political violence, economic exploitation, and tourist exploitation. Their number has decreased significantly in recent decades, primarily as a result of illnesses introduced by gold miners who have infiltrated Yanomami territory.
Endocannibalism is said to have been performed by the Yanomamo tribes of Brazil and Venezuela, who are thought to have consumed the ashes of their deceased relatives mixed with plantain soup. The form of anthropophagy known as taught or conventional cannibalism is almost diametrically opposed to the one known as survival cannibalism.
Exocannibalism (from the Greek exo-, meaning ‘from outside,’ and cannibalism, meaning ‘to eat people’) is the consuming of flesh outside one’s intimate social group, as opposed to endocannibalism. For example, eating one’s adversary is considered exocannibalism.
Cannibalism in the wake of a funeral. The Wari’ not only ate the enemy they defeated, but they also ate the bodies of their own fallen soldiers. As soon as a serious disease struck, consanguine kin and affines mourned for the dying individual, which signaled the beginning of the ritual.