Near Nazca, Peru, an aerial perspective of the Nazca Lines. Even though parts of the Nazca Lines certainly predate the Nazca and are thought to be the work of the older Paracas civilisation, the majority of the Nazca Lines were made by the inhabitants of the Nazca culture more than 2,000 years ago. This society flourished from from 200 BCE to 600 CE.
The Nazca Lines, pronounced /naezk/, are a collection of geoglyphs that were carved into the ground in the Nazca Desert in southern Peru. People produced these depressions or shallow incisions in the desert floor between the years 500 BC and AD 500 by removing stones and leaving various colored soil exposed. They did this by making depressions in the desert floor.
The majority of the lines, it is believed by scientists, were drawn by the Nasca people, who were at the height of their civilization from about 1 AD to 700 AD. Certain regions of the pampa have the appearance of a chalk board that has been heavily used, with lines that overlay one another and patterns that are cut through with straight lines that have both ancient and more recent roots.
The Nazca wanted to show their reverence for the natural world and pay homage to their gods, particularly those who controlled the weather, which was particularly important to the Nazca’s ability to practice successful agriculture in the dry plains of Peru. This may be the most obvious purpose of the lines.
The Nazca culture, also known as the Nasca culture, is an archaeological civilisation that thrived from around 100 BC to 800 AD in the river basins of the Rio Grande de Nazca drainage and the Ica Valley. This culture was located along the arid coast of Peru’s southern coast.
The Nazca Lines were produced by removing a layer of ruddy stones off the surface of the earth in order to expose a ground that was whiter below. Where in the world, in the modern day, was the Inca Empire established? The majority of Inca ceramics was painted with scenes from mythology and figures associated with several religions. Mayans are responsible for the creation of the Nazca lines.
The surface of the desert has been eroded over the course of thousands of years, so when the rocks that were on top were removed, a lighter, sand-colored rock was uncovered. We are able to make out lines on this rock that is bright in hue. The lines have been kept for a length of time ranging from 500 to 2000 years as a result of the dry climate.
The one that is the longest is more than 100 meters long. The enigma surrounding the Nazca Lines’ intended purpose contributes to the phenomenon’s allure as a tourist attraction. Erich von Daniken, a Swiss author, proposed the idea that they may have been used as landing strips for extraterrestrial beings in his best-selling book ″Chariots of the Gods?″ which was published in 1968.
According to research conducted by scholars, the Nasca people, who lived in the area from from 1 AD to 700 AD at the height of their civilization, were responsible for drawing the lines. It is possible that members of the Chavin and Paracas civilizations, who existed before the Nazca people, were also responsible for the creation of some of the geoglyphs.
Between the years 200 BCE and 600 CE, the Nazca civilisation thrived along the coast of Peru’s southernmost region. Cahuachi and Ventilla, respectively, were their most important religious and urban centers when they established their homes in the Nazca Valley and the other valleys in the surrounding area.
Squatters provide the greatest danger to Peru’s historic and heritage sites, as the country’s Ministry of Culture claims to receive between 120 and 180 reports of unlawful encroachments every year. In the end, the Nazca Lines have succumbed to the same fate as so many other historical sites: they have been ruined by their own reputation.
A number of the figures, including those of a spider, a monkey, a dog, a little reptile, a hummingbird, a condor, and an astronaut, stand out. Prof. German Paul Kosok, together with Peruvian archeologists Julio C. Tello and T., were the first people to conduct a scientific investigation of the Nazca Lines.
The Nazca civilisation, which began about 100 B.C. and thrived from A.D. 1 to 700, is credited by anthropologists with the creation of the bulk of the Nazca Lines. It’s possible that the Chavin and Paracas civilizations, who existed before the Nazca, were also responsible for the creation of some of the geoglyphs.
Around the year 750 C.E., the Nazca civilisation had already pretty nearly collapsed.Some authorities believe that this might be explained, at least in part, by the Nazca people’s practice of cutting down trees in the area.It was necessary to clear space for the growing of cotton and maize, thus several significant trees, including the Huarango Tree, were cut down.
In order to keep towns and crops alive in such a dry region, the Nazca people constructed subterranean aqueducts that they called puquios. The majority of them are operational to this day. In addition to this, they were skilled in the production of intricate fabrics and pottery, both of which reflected their agricultural and ritualistic practices.