The Inca Kingdom was a massive empire that thrived in the Andean area of South America from the early 15th century A.D.up until it was conquered by the Spanish in the 1530s.Its origins may be traced back to the time when the Spanish first arrived in the region.
Even after they had been defeated, Inca chiefs continued to put up a fight against the Spanish invaders right up until the final city, Vilcabamba, fell into Spanish hands in 1572.
During the 12th century A.D., the Inca initially made their appearance in what is now the southeast region of Peru. Some versions of their origin stories state that the sun god Inti was responsible for their creation. In these versions, Inti is said to have dispatched his son Manco Capac to Earth via the midst of three caverns in the settlement of Paccari Tampu to bring the Incas with him.
The common populace quickly accepted Spanish control as ″what was done″ after the destruction of their royal family and the center of their religious practice. This resulted in the formation of local aid, which, when combined with support from other areas, made it possible for the Spanish to totally capture the region by the year 1572, thus ushering in the end of the Inca Empire.
The predominant theory holds that the Inca were ultimately vanquished as a result of inferior weaponry, a strategy known as ″open combat,″ sickness, internal turmoil, the daring tactics of the Spanish, and the seizure of their monarch.
According to Elward, ″the majority of those who are still living in the towns of San Sebastian and San Jeronimo, Cusco, Peru, at the current time are perhaps the most homogenous group of Inca descent.″
However, less than two centuries later, their civilization was extinct because they were victims of what is often considered to be the cruellest incident in the history of Spanish colonial history. In the year 1532, the conquistadors first landed in the New World, led by Francisco Pizarro. They were successful in capturing the Inca leader Atahualpa, and a year later they put him to death.
In the middle of the 15th century, it is thought that Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, the ninth Inca king, was responsible for the construction of Machu Picchu. As a builder of empires, Pachacuti was responsible for the beginning of a series of conquests that would eventually lead to the expansion of the Inca kingdom over South America, all the way from Ecuador to Chile.
Pizarro, who had fewer than 200 soldiers to fight several thousand, enticed Atahualpa to a feast held in the emperor’s honor and then opened fire on the unarmed Incans. Atahualpa was killed in the ensuing battle. The Inca people were slaughtered by Pizarro’s troops, and Atahualpa was captured and coerced into converting to Christianity before he was finally put to death.
The Spanish quickly discovered the majority of the gold and silver that the Inca Empire had been hoarding for generations, and a significant sum of treasure was even personally handed to the Spanish as part of the exchange for Atahualpa’s freedom. The initial 160 soldiers who invaded Peru with Pizarro became exceedingly rich as a result of their actions.
When the little Spanish army and its allies began to gain ground against the Inca Empire between 1537 and 1545, Manco Inca fled to safer retreats and abandoned Machu Picchu as a result.This occurred between those years.The people who lived there ruined the Inca pathways that connected Machu Picchu with the rest of the empire and took their most expensive possessions with them when they left.
The Mayan and Incan civilizations in South and Central America were almost obliterated by smallpox at the same time as the Native American people of North America. In addition, other European illnesses like as measles and mumps also took significant tolls, contributing to the overall decline of certain native populations in the new globe by an amount equal to or greater than 90 percent.
There was no large-scale commerce within Inca territory at any point in the history of the Inca economy.Individuals dealt with one another through barter.The Incas possessed what is regarded as the most successful centrally planned economy that has ever been observed.
Its success may be attributed to the effective management of labor as well as the administration of the resources they obtained from tribute.
The Incas were an ancient civilisation that flourished in South America and were founded by Amerindians of the Quechua ethnic group.In the year 1400 A.D., they were a tiny tribe that lived in the highlands.One hundred years later, in the early 16th century, the Incas came to power and formed the great Inca Empire by conquering and controlling the biggest empire that the Americas had ever seen.
Existence of the Maya in modern times?There are still Maya people living in Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and some areas of Mexico.These people are descended from the ancient Maya people who formerly inhabited Central America.
Tikal National Park in Guatemala, where the remains of the ancient city of Tikal are located, is home to the vast majority of them.Tikal National Park is located in Guatemala.
Is it possible that there are still Aztecs living today? Both yes and no The Nahuatl language, which was spoken by the Aztecs, is still spoken by around one and a half million people today. In addition, there are a great number of indigenous communities that continue to practice ceremonies that date back to the Aztec civilization.