During the formative era of Mesoamerica, which began about 1500 BCE and lasted until around 400 BCE, the Olmec people were at the height of their civilization.Since around 2500 BCE, pre-Olmec cultures had been thriving, but between 1600 and 1500 BCE, early Olmec civilisation arose, with its core at the San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán site, which is located near the shore in the southeast of Veracruz.
The Olmec civilization flourished in what is now the Mexican states of Tabasco and Veracruz, which are located on Mexico’s Gulf Coast. The Olmec culture flourished from from 1600 BCE to approximately 350 BCE, at which time environmental causes rendered the Olmec settlements uninhabitable.
La Venta began to fall into disrepair about the year 400 B.C., and it was finally abandoned completely. The traditional Olmec civilization perished along with the city of La Venta when it was destroyed. In spite of the fact that Olmec ancestors continued to have descendants living in the area, the culture itself died out.
It is believed that Olmec, the first elaborate pre-Columbian civilization of Mesoamerica (circa 1200–400 bce), was responsible for establishing many of the fundamental patterns that were later manifested by later American Indian cultures of Mexico and Central America, most notably the Maya and the Aztec. The Olmec civilization flourished between the years 1200 and 400 bce.
La Venta began to fall into disrepair about the year 400 B.C., and it was finally abandoned completely.The traditional Olmec civilization perished along with the city of La Venta when it was destroyed.In spite of the fact that Olmec ancestors continued to have descendants living in the area, the culture itself died out.The Olmecs’ enormous trading networks came to an end when their empire collapsed.
Around 1200 B.C., the Olmec civilisation began to develop along the Gulf Coast of southern Mexico, in an area that the Aztecs would later refer to as Olman, also known as ″The Rubber Country.″ There, swift streams connected to enormous rivers, and the land was simple to produce, in addition to having abundant trees that provided sources of food.
The Olmec civilisation flourished for approximately one thousand and one hundred years. It started around the year 1500 BC and continued until about the year 400 BC.
Since around 2500 BCE, the region was home to thriving Pre-Olmec cultures; nevertheless, by 1600–1500 BCE, the Early Olmec civilisation had established its presence there. They were the earliest civilisation in Mesoamerica and were responsible for establishing many of the foundations upon which other civilizations, such as the Maya, were built.
It is thought that the Olmec people inhabited a significant portion of what is now the southern region of Mexico. Archaeologists consider the Olmec civilisation to be an example of what’s known as an archaeological culture.
To provide a concise summary, the Olmecs began their civilization 1,200 years after the Maya, yet the Maya were the first to develop their civilization.
It is presently believed that the heads depict rulers of the Olmec civilization and that the facial traits do not originate from Africa but rather are representative of the people who live along the Mexican Gulf Coast. These claims, however, have been discredited.
There is a school of thought among historians that the Mayans were descended from the Olmec people.
The Olmec culture is sometimes referred to as the ″mother civilization″ of Mesoamerica. This is due to the Olmecs’ role in laying the groundwork upon which subsequent Mesoamerican civilizations were built.
The Epi-Olmec civilisation finally replaced the Olmec civilization between 300 and 250 BCE. The Olmec civilization grew and prospered at locations like as La Venta and San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán. The Valley of Oaxaca was the birthplace of the Zapotec civilisation, whereas the Valley of Mexico was the birthplace of the Teotihuacan civilization.
Approximately 900 years before the common era, La Venta became the new capital of the region, and it eventually had a population of approximately 18,000.
Diet, Food, and Agriculture of the Olmec They planted many of the same crops that are being grown in the region today, such as tomatoes, sweet potatoes, manioc, and squash. The Olmecs made maize a central part of their diet, but it’s conceivable that they didn’t start eating it until much later in the evolution of their civilisation.