The beginnings of the Inca Empire may be traced back to the Andes around 800 years ago.It is said that the sun deity Init instructed the Inca to establish their capital city of Cuzco there because he wanted them to choose a location where a golden staff would sink into the earth.After establishing their new home, they utilized the first three hundred years to lay the foundation for their future empire.
The Inca initially made their appearance in the Andes area during the 12th century A.D. They eventually developed a huge kingdom by relying on the military might of their emperors. This allowed them to dominate the region.
Conquistadors from Spain headed by Francisco Pizarro arrived in South America in the 16th century AD and ″discovered″ the Inca Empire. At the time, the Inca Empire was the biggest pre-Columbian culture in South America. At the height of its power, the Inca empire had complete dominion over the western portion of the South American continent, which extended from Ecuador to Chile.
During the course of the Inca Empire, the Inca incorporated the territory that is now known as Peru, as well as a large portion of western South America, into their empire, which was centered on the Andean mountain range.This was accomplished through a combination of military conquest and peaceful assimilation of the local population.Despite this, the last Sapa Inca passed away not long after the Inca Civil War (emperor)
Huayna Cápac, son of Tpac Inca, expanded the empire by adding a tiny amount of territory to the north, which is now located in Ecuador and portions of Peru. At its height, the Inca Empire encompassed not just Peru and Bolivia but also a significant piece of what is now Ecuador and a significant part of what is now Chile’s northern region, which is located north of the Maule River.
According to what McEwan stated, the ″most peculiar feature of the Inca economy was the absence of both a market system and money.″ There were very few exceptions to this rule, but generally speaking, the Inca Empire was devoid of merchants.″Out of the state storehouses, the bare needs of existence, like as food, tools, and raw materials, as well as clothes, were distributed to every citizen of the empire.
In the 12th century, the Inca decided to make Cuzco, in present-day Peru, their capital city. They started their conquests at the beginning of the 15th century, and within a century’s time, they had achieved authority over an Andean population of around 12 million people.
At the height of its power, the empire encompassed a territory that was comparable in size to the historical empires that existed in Eurasia. This territory included the southwesternmost tip of Colombia, Peru, western Ecuador, western and south central Bolivia, northwest Argentina, and a significant portion of what is now Chile.
By establishing reciprocal or alliance relationships, the Incas were able to conquer a huge region. When the Incas arrived in a new area, one of their first priorities was to form a connection with the most powerful member of the local tribe. He presented the guests with presents including wool garments, coca leaves, and mullu (shell believed to be food for the Gods).
In the year 1476 A.D., Emperor Tupac wins a decisive victory over the Chuma Empire, resulting in the incorporation of Chuma territory into the Inca Empire. In the year 1493 A.D., Huayna Capac, Tupac’s son, is elevated to the position of Emperor. Under Huayna Capac’s rule, the Inca Empire will reach its pinnacle of power and influence. 1525 AD – Emperor Huayna Capac dies from a pandemic.
The Incas possessed what is regarded as the most successful centrally planned economy that has ever been observed.Its success may be attributed to the effective management of labor as well as the administration of the resources they obtained from tribute.The Inca civilization was built on a foundation of collective work, which served as the engine that drove both economic output and the accumulation of social riches.
The Inca civilization is famous for many things, including the creation of the largest empire that the Americas have ever seen, the development of innovative agricultural techniques, and the development of art and architecture that were notable for their unique combination of geometric stonework and natural scenery.
The common populace quickly accepted Spanish control as ″what was done″ after the destruction of their royal family and the center of their religious practice. This resulted in the formation of local aid, which, when combined with support from other areas, made it possible for the Spanish to totally capture the region by the year 1572, thus ushering in the end of the Inca Empire.
The Inca empire came to an end in 1572 when the final Inca fortress was uncovered. At that time, Tpac Amaru, Manco’s son and the last monarch, was kidnapped and killed, bringing an end to the Inca empire.
The Incas established and maintained their empire via the use of complex systems of irrigation.
To rule such a big and complex empire, the Inca were in need of a competent and well-organized administration.Tawantinsuyu was the name given to the Inca administration at that time.It was a monarchy with a single ruler known as the Sapa Inca who had absolute power.
The name of the emperor or monarch of the Inca Empire was Sapa Inca, which means ″single ruler.″ This title was given to the ruler of the Inca Empire.
Before its fall at the hands of Spanish conquistadors in 1532, the Inca Empire stretched across a distance of approximately 2,500 miles, reaching from Ecuador to southern Chile. Everyone was responsible for making some sort of contribution to the empire.
During the height of the Empire’s power, it held territorial control over parts of Peru, Chile, and Bolivia. The entirety of its chronology occurred roughly between the years 1200 and 1500 AD. Just 300 years during which time so much was accomplished.
The Inca constructed some of the most sophisticated aqueducts and drainage systems in pre-Columbian America, in addition to the most extensive road network. They were also the first to develop the process of freeze-drying food and the rope suspension bridge, both of which they developed independently of any outside influence.