How long did the Nubians rule Egypt?
In 1500 BC, Egypt conquered all of Nubia, forging a great empire that stretched all the way from the Euphrates in Syria to the 5th Cataract of the Nile. For over 500 years, Egypt’s wealth made the Pharaohs of the New Kingdom, like Tutankhamun, the most powerful rulers on the face of the earth.
The Nubians lost the last of their Egyptian territories during the reign of Tanutamani (reign ca. 664–653 B.C.).
In the Middle Kingdom, a middle class was formed, trading expanded, women had more rights, invasions to take control over Egypt began. The relationships between Nubia and Egypt changed over time when Egypt relied on Nubia and because of Egypt was greedy over Nubia’s resources for trading.
However, the Kingdom of Kush can be credited with the conquest of Egypt. Several powerful Monarchs followed Kashta and continued to rule Egypt for almost 100 years until the Assyrians conquered Egypt around 665 B.C. (Mark, 2018).
King Piankhi is considered the first African Pharaoh to rule Egypt from 730 BC to 656 BC.
It was the seat of one of the earliest civilizations of ancient Africa, the Kerma culture, which lasted from around 2500 BC until its conquest by the New Kingdom of Egypt under Pharaoh Thutmose I around 1500 BC, whose heirs ruled most of Nubia for the next 400 years.
Kushite rule of Egypt ended in 656 BC when the Nubians withdrew to their homeland in the face of overwhelming Assyrian invasions. The Kushite kings who ruled as Egypt’s 25th Dynasty styled themselves as pharaohs.
Nubian history can be traced from c. 2000 BCE onward to 1504 AD, when Nubia was divided between Egypt and the Sennar sultanate and became Arabized. It was later united within the Ottoman Egypt in the 19th century, and the Kingdom of Egypt from 1899 to 1956.
Nubians (/ˈnuːbiənz, ˈnjuː-/) (Nobiin: Nobī) are an ethno-linguistic group of people who are indigenous to the region which is now present-day northern Sudan and southern Egypt. They originate from the early inhabitants of the central Nile valley, believed to be one of the earliest cradles of civilization.
For the next century, the region known as Nubia — home to civilizations older than the dynastic Egyptians, skirting the Nile River in what is today northern Sudan and southern Egypt — was paid relatively little attention.
Nubian or Kushite Pharaohs: other, common name of the pharaohs of the Twenty-fifth dynasty, which originally ruled the Nubian kingdom of Napata. They ruled over Egypt from the late eighth century to 666 BCE.
4,500 B.C. – 2055 B.C. The Old Kingdom & First Intermediate Period Ancient Kemet (Egypt) is formed under Menes (White sources have it at 3,150 B.C.) The word Kemet means “Land of the Blacks.” Whites claim it means “Land of the black soil.” There are 4 major periods of Pharonic Kemet: The Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom,
Kush was a part of Nubia, which stretched from the Upper Nile to the Red Sea. The legendary Kingdom of Kush, with its series of capitals in what is now northern Sudan, helped define the political and cultural landscape of northeastern Africa for more than a thousand years.
Kush was the most powerful state in the Nile valley around 1700 B.C.E. Conflict between Egypt and Kush followed, culminating in the conquest of Kush by Thutmose I (1504–1492 B.C.E.). In the west and south, Neolithic cultures remained as both areas were beyond the reach of the Egyptian rulers.
The subsequent history of Kush is one of gradual decay, ending with inglorious extinction in 350 ce by the king of Aksum, who marched down from the Ethiopian highlands, destroyed Meroe, and sacked the decrepit towns along the river.