The conquistadors’ arsenal included rapiers, broadswords with two hands, pikes, halberds, crossbows, matchlock muskets, and even a few cannons.
In general, the Spanish horsemen were armed with two different types of weapons: lances and swords. Their lances were long wooden spears with points made of iron or steel on the ends, and they were employed to terrible effect on crowds of local foot warriors. When the fight got up up and personal, a rider would wield his sword.
The Spanish were successful in their conquest of North and South America not only due to their possession of horses, dogs, firearms, and swords, but also due to the fact that they carried viruses with them that caused many native Americans to get ill. Native Americans had never been exposed to diseases such as measles or smallpox; as a result, they lacked immunity to these conditions.
Many people were under the impression that gunpowder and firearms were the primary reasons for the apparent invincibility of the Spaniards. However, the devastating precision and effectiveness of the Spanish blade was what allowed them to literally cut through thousands of Inca warriors. Gunpowder and firearms were not the primary reasons for the apparent invincibility of the Spaniards.
Cortés and his troops were able to gain an advantage over the warriors they encountered thanks to steel swords, muskets, cannons, and horses, all of which contributed to the Spanish empire’s eventual defeat of the Aztec empire.
Weapons varied according on the ethnic background of individual groups but included arrows, javelins, slings, the bolas, clubs, and maces with star-shaped heads made of copper or bronze. Hardwood spears were also used but were thrown using throwers.
|Rapier / espada ropera|
|Place of origin||Spain|
The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city. The triumph of Cortés brought to the fall of the Aztec empire, and the Spanish then started to cement their dominance over what would eventually become the province of New Spain.
Although the decline of the Incan Empire can be attributed to a number of factors, such as the introduction of new diseases and technological advances in armament, the adept political maneuvering of the Spanish was a significant contributor to the collapse of this once-mighty empire.
The Incas were said to have been ″terrified″ when they heard ″the shooting of the cannons and at the horses″ (p. 70) because none of these things were familiar to them; neither had they ever seen horses. Diamond asserts that ″the superior armaments of the Spaniards would have secured an ultimate triumph for the Spanish.″ [Citation needed] (p. 66).
The conquistadors led by Pizarro were outfitted with the most cutting-edge firearms and armor of the day, including rifles and swords. In contrast, the Inca had never worked with iron and had not yet discovered the applications of gunpowder. They did not have access to these resources due to their geographical location.
|Weapons||Espada Ropera, Alabarda, Arquebus, Steel Cuirass and Morion, Garrote|
|Activities||Conquering the Aztecs Acquiring gold|
On June 30, 1520, Spanish soldiers led by the explorer Hernán Cortés were forced to flee Tenochtitlan after the Aztecs rose up in rebellion against their dominion. The retreat was bloody and expensive.