Scholars have used terms such as ″hegemonic″ and ″indirect″ to characterize the governance of the Aztecs. The Aztecs allowed the rulers of conquered cities to remain in power as long as they pledged to pay semi-annual tribute to the alliance and furnish armed forces to the Aztecs whenever they were required to do so for the Aztecs’ war operations.
The Aztec government was very similar to that of a monarchy, with the primary authority resting with an Emperor or King. The people referred to their leader as the Huey Tlatoani. It was the Huey Tlatoani who had unrivaled authority in the land. They believed that the gods had chosen him to reign and that he thus has the divine right to do so.
Each altepetl was governed by a superior judge and administrator, as well as a supreme leader known as a tlatoani (cihuacoatl). The tlatoani of the Aztec empire’s capital city of Tenochtitlan, also known as Huey Tlatoani, held the position of Emperor of the Aztec empire.
The Aztec empire was composed of a number of city-states that were collectively referred to as altepetl. Each altepetl was governed by a superior judge and administrator, as well as a supreme leader known as a tlatoani (cihuacoatl). The tlatoani of the Aztec empire’s capital city of Tenochtitlan, also known as Huey Tlatoani, held the position of Emperor of the Aztec empire.
The Aztec Empire’s economic activities were overseen by a robust legal framework throughout its entire history.The primary means through which the empire made money were by collecting tribute and taxes.The conquered territories made tribute payments to the emperor, and the Aztec populace was subject to taxation (with the exception of priests, nobles, minors, orphans, invalids, and beggars).
MATOS MOCTEZUMA: The religion of the Aztecs was essentially polytheistic in nature. They worshiped a variety of gods, both male and female. Tonatiuh was the name of the sun deity. There were numerous gods, and they were honored during special celebrations once a month by presenting lavish sacrifices.
Known as Itzcoatl, he ruled the Aztec Empire from 1427 to 1440 and is best known as the king who oversaw the Aztecs’ rise to become the most powerful Mesoamerican civilisation in the Valley of Mexico during his time in power.
A rigid social structure was observed by the Aztecs, in which people were classified as either nobles (pipiltin), commoners (macehualtin), serfs, or slaves. Leaders of the administration and the armed forces, priests of high rank, and lords were all members of the aristocratic class (tecuhtli).
In the end, the Aztec rose to govern four hundred to five hundred city-states and more than five million people. They instead devised a system of tribute payments to control the other city-states, which they did not directly govern. Taxes and labor were paid to the Aztecs by the people who were under their control, so that they could preserve a measure of their former freedom.
The ayllu had a significant role in the culture of Andean civilizations like the Moche and the Inca. Mit’a. A conscription system that forced able-bodied males from various Indian cultures to participate in various public works projects. It was the mit’a who were responsible for establishing the extensive road network of the Incas as well as other religious and political structures.
Both the Aztecs and the Incas used human and animal sacrifice as a sacred rite as part of their religion. In temples, on mountaintops, during celebrations, and in times of danger, priests would undertake rituals including the offering of sacrifices. This illustration depicts an Aztec temple as it appears in a codex.
Tlaloc, the rain deity, Huitzilopochtli, patron of the Mexica tribe, Quetzalcoatl, the feathered serpent and god of wind and learning, and Tezcatlipoca, the cunning and elusive god of fate and fortune, were among the most significant gods in Aztec religion.
Although the Maya adhered to polytheism, they did not worship a specific deity. In contrast, the Aztecs regarded Huitzilopochtli as their major deity, and the Incas revered Inti as their supreme deity.
Itzcoatl established a feudal system in Aztec society that was quite similar to the one that existed in Europe at the time. This system centralized wealth, privilege, and political power in the hands of the emperor, his troops, and other nobles. Itzcoatl gave the territories that had been taken from the Tepanecs by his finest warriors after they had beaten those people.
In addition to the quetzal, particularly valuable feathers were obtained from a variety of beautifully colored tropical birds, including the gorgeous cotinga, macaw, parrot, hummingbird, oropendula, emerald toucanet, and troupial. On the other hand, feathers from domesticated birds like as ducks and turkeys, which are more readily available, were also employed.
During his reign, Itzcóatl spent most of his time expanding his kingdom beyond the Valley of Mexico and into the territories that surrounded it by incorporating the conquered tribes into his own domain. Under his direction, the empire grew at an alarming rate.
Religion during the period of the Aztecs The Aztec Empire had a rigorous social structure that was identifiable with nobility, commoners, serfs, or slaves. The feudal system in Medieval Europe was much different from the Aztec feudal system. Additionally, the social structure was differentiated between males and females.
The civilization of the Aztecs was broken up into five primary social strata.The ruler and his family occupied the highest position in the social hierarchy of the society.Following that was a prestigious class consisting of high-ranking soldiers, priests, and government officials.
Commoners, or people who did not hold a noble status, constituted the third and largest social class in the society.
While it is true that Mesoamerican (Aztec) civilization was highly hierarchical, social mobility – both downward and upward – was not only conceivable, but also remarkably prevalent in both directions.