Long Walk of the Navajo, also known as the Long Walk to Bosque Redondo (Navajo: Hwéeldi), was an attempt by the United States federal government to deport and ethnically cleanse the Navajo people that took place in 1864. In order to go from their homeland in what is now Arizona to eastern New Mexico, the Navajo were compelled to trek.
Navajo (Diné) men, women, and children were marched between 250 and 450 miles by the United States military during the Long Walk. The distance varied according on the route taken.
By the early 1860s, Americans of European heritage had begun establishing on and surrounding Navajo territory, resulting in conflict between Navajo people on the one hand and settlers and the United States Army on the other, which was eventually resolved by the U.S. Army. Following the war, the Army developed a plan to expel all Navajos from their ancestral lands.
Approximately 200 Navajo were killed by cold and famine while traveling through difficult winter weather for nearly two months. After they got in the desolate reserve, more people perished. It was the ″Long Walk″ that earned the Navajo the nickname for their forced march, which was directed by Kit Carson.
The Trail of Tears National Historic Trail commemorates the Cherokee’s forced relocation from their homeland as well as the pathways that 17 Cherokee detachments took as they traveled westward.
A forced removal, the United States Army drives the Navajo at gunpoint as they trek from their homelands in Arizona and New Mexico to Fort Sumner, 300 miles away at Bosque Redondo, as part of a forced relocation program. Hundreds of people die during the course of 18 days of marching.
The Navajo people refer to themselves as Diné, which means ‘the People.’ Legends about Diné ancestors claim that they arrived in southwestern Colorado from the fourth world through the San Juan Mountains, which border the Mesa Verde National Park to the northeast.
Vizcarra embarked on a 74-day expedition against the Navajo people in western New Mexico on the 18th of June, 1823, with 1,500 soldiers. In what is now Arizona, his voyage carried him across the Chuska Mountains to the Hopi mesas, and then north into Utah, where he eventually arrived at Oljeto Creek in what is now San Juan County, Utah.
According to scientists who research various civilizations, the original Navajos resided in western Canada around one thousand years ago, and their descendants still live there today. They belonged to an American Indian tribe known as the Athapaskans, and they went by the names ‘Dine’ or ‘The People’ to identify themselves.
To begin with, they just walked. Because horses were not available in North America until colonists brought them over from Europe, the Navajos relied on dogs to pull travois (a type of drag sled) to assist them in transporting their possessions. When Europeans introduced horses to North America, the Navajos were able to move more swiftly than they had previously.
Originally hunters and gatherers, the Navajo transitioned to an agricultural economy as a result of their interactions with their neighboring Pueblos and the Spanish. The Navajo rely on agriculture and livestock for their livelihood, but they augment their income via the sale of traditional crafts.
Following Scott’s approval, Ross broke the party into smaller groups so that each person could go foraging for food on his or her own. Despite the fact that Ross may have saved numerous lives, almost 4,000 Native Americans perished while traveling the Trail of Tears.
The Trail of Tears National Historic Trail extends through the modern-day states of Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Tennessee. The Trail of Tears National Historic Trail is located in the southern United States. The path is rather long, so you may choose to travel the full length or only one or two places.
Located in Lorette, Wolinak, Odanak, Kahnawake, Kanesetake, Akwesasne, and La Présentation, the Seven Nations were comprised of a number of tribes. The Abenaki of Wolinak and Odanak were sometimes considered as a single country, and the Algonquin and the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) of Kanesetake were sometimes counted as two independent countries, depending on the circumstances.