Chief Joseph was a Nez Perce leader who guided his tribe, the Wallowa band of Nez Perce, through a perilous period in the history of the United States of America. These indigenous people were originally from the Wallowa Valley in Oregon, where they lived. In his fight for his people’s right to remain on their ancestral lands, Chief Joseph was a formidable champion.
The Nez Perce War was a 1,170-mile (1,900-kilometer) combat retreat led by Joseph and other Nez Perce leaders that was followed by the United States Army under General Oliver O. Howard. At least 700 men, women, and children were killed during the retreat.
|Died||September 21, 1904 (aged 64) Colville Indian Reservation, Washington, United States|
″Thunder Rolling in the Mountains″ was his Indian given name, which approximately translates as ″Thunder Rolling in the Mountains.″ His father was a leader, and he was referred to as Old Joseph by his people. Young Joseph was the popular nickname for the son.
Taking Over as Head In 1871, Joseph the Elder passed away, and Young Joseph took over as chief. Prior to his father’s death, Joseph made a pledge to him that he would not sell the land in the Wallowa Valley to a third party. Everything Joseph could to maintain harmony with the settlers was accomplished.
Chief Joseph and his clan were initially exiled to a desolate reservation in Indian Territory (later Oklahoma), where many of them became ill and died as a result. It wasn’t until 1885 that he and the remains of his tribe were permitted to relocate to a reservation in Washington, despite the fact that they were still in exile from home valley.
Crazy Horse, a Lakota war chief who rose to prominence in the 1840s, was born in 1842 in the present-day city of Rapid City, South Dakota. He was known as ″Curly″ as a youngster because he was the son of an Oglala medicine man and his Brule wife, who happened to be Spotted Tail’s sister.
Known by his Indian name Goyathlay (″One Who Yawns″), Geronimo (born June 1829, No-Doyohn Canyon, Mexico—died February 17, 1909, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, United States) was a Bedonkohe Apache chief and leader of the Chiricahua Apache who led his people’s defense of their homeland against the military might of the United States.
In 1836, the Presbyterian missionary Rev. Spalding came in Lapwai, Idaho, with the goal of bringing Christianity to the Nez Perce people there. After becoming attracted by Spalding and his white faith, Tuekakas agreed to be baptized and given the name Joseph by Spalding.
Standing Bull was the political and spiritual leader of the Sioux warriors who defeated General George Armstrong Custer’s brigade in the Conflict of Little Big Horn, which is remembered as the bloodiest battle in American history.
After his tribe’s lands in Oregon were threatened by white colonization, Chief Joseph rallied his tribesmen and launched a daring escape attempt to Canada. Chief Joseph was killed in the attempt.
Native American Chief Joseph surrenders to United States General Nelson A. Miles in the Bear Paw Mountains of Montana, proclaiming, ″Listen, my chiefs: My heart is ill and sorrowful. Please accept my surrender.″ It is from here, where the light now shines, that I will never fight again.″