The Inca Kingdom was a massive empire that thrived in the Andean area of South America from the early 15th century A.D.up until it was conquered by the Spanish in the 1530s.Its origins may be traced back to the time when the Spanish first arrived in the region.Even after they had been defeated, Inca chiefs continued to put up a fight against the Spanish invaders right up until the final city, Vilcabamba, fell into Spanish hands in 1572.
Inca Empire. In the year 1200 AD, members of the Inca tribe lead by Manco Capac established the city of Cuzco in the region of Cuzco Valley. 1200 to 1400 A.D.: The Inca people reside in the city-state of Cuzco and the surrounding area. During this time period, they do not make any attempts to extend the territory under their control.
1200 to 1400 A.D.: The Inca people reside in the city-state of Cuzco and the surrounding area. During this time period, they do not make any attempts to extend the territory under their control. Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui is elevated to the position of Inca ruler in the year 1438 A.D. He initiates the conquest of neighboring peoples and expands the Inca Empire’s sphere of influence.
The Inca Empire covered a very wide area. They had highways that stretched all the way from Chile to Columbia in one direction. This indicates that the Inca Empire was far greater than that of the Romans. The route that leads to Machu Picchu is known as the Inca Trail or the Camino Inca in Spanish. It is also known as the most renowned road in the world.
The Inca Empire was preceded in the Andes by two other large-scale empires: the Tiwanaku (about 300–1100 AD), which was concentrated around Lake Titicaca, and the Wari or Huari (around 600–1100 AD), which was centered in the location where the city of Ayacucho is located today.
The common populace quickly accepted Spanish control as ″what was done″ after the destruction of their royal family and the center of their religious practice. This resulted in the formation of local aid, which, when combined with support from other areas, made it possible for the Spanish to totally capture the region by the year 1572, thus ushering in the end of the Inca Empire.
South American Indians who, at the time of the Spanish conquest in 1532, ruled an empire that extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands all the way from the northern border of modern-day Ecuador to the Maule River in the center of Chile. The Inca, who are also spelled as Inka, are known by both of these spellings.
They did not make their homes in the cities, but they traveled there frequently for rituals and celebrations associated with their religion. They spent the most of their waking hours working and lived in cottages in the countryside that did not have windows. On the other hand, the Inca empire was completely reliant on them. In addition to this, the Inca were excellent growers.
The transmission of illness The most common causes of mortality among the Inca population were influenza and smallpox, and both diseases did not discriminate between the nobility and the common people; they struck both.
According to Elward, ″the majority of those who are still living in the towns of San Sebastian and San Jeronimo, Cusco, Peru, at the current time are perhaps the most homogenous group of Inca descent.″
Machu Picchu is an Inca fortress that dates back to the 15th century and is situated in the Eastern Cordillera in southern Peru on a mountain crest that is 2,430 meters high.
Machu Picchu’s homes were most likely constructed and inhabited between the middle of the 15th century and the early or middle of the 16th century. The architectural style of Machu Picchu and other evidence point to the site having been a palace complex during the reign of Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, who ruled around the years 1438–1471 CE.
Although they probably only numbered between 15,000 and 40,000 in total, the Incas ruled over a population of over 10 million people. This is a relatively small fraction of the entire population of the Inca Empire.
During the period of the Inca, the only alcoholic beverage that was available was called chicha. Chicha was primarily made from the fermentation of corn and was used during ceremonial, ritual, and convivial activities.
In the middle of the 15th century, it is thought that Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, the ninth Inca king, was responsible for the construction of Machu Picchu. As a builder of empires, Pachacuti was responsible for the beginning of a series of conquests that would eventually lead to the expansion of the Inca kingdom over South America, all the way from Ecuador to Chile.
Daily life in the Inca empire was characterized by strong family relationships, agricultural labor, sometimes enforced state or military service for males, and occasional lighter moments of festivities to celebrate important life events in the community and highlights in the agricultural calendar. This was all part of the Inca empire’s agricultural society.