Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire, was established on the shores of Lake Texcoco.
Because no one else was interested in the territory, the Aztecs were free to establish a settlement there. At first, it wasn’t a great spot to construct a city there, but shortly after, the Aztecs built up islands where they could produce food. This made it a much better location. In addition, the water served as a natural protection against invasions from other towns and cities.
Lake Texcoco, also known as Lago de Texcoco, was a natural lake that was located in the Valley of Mexico, also known as the Anahuac. Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire, was founded by the Aztecs on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco. This is the reason that Lake Texcoco is so well-known.
Since the early 17th century, Texcoco has been drained via channels and a tunnel to the Pánuco River. As a result, it now only occupies a small area that is surrounded by salt marshes approximately two and a half miles (four kilometers) east of Mexico City. Texcoco was originally one of the five lakes that were contained in Anáhuac, also known as the Valley of Mexico.
During the time of the Aztec civilization, Mexico City was originally constructed on top of the Lago de Texcoco lake. When the Aztecs dumped earth into the lagoon, they created an artificial island. Later on, the Spanish constructed a new city on top of the remains of Tenochtitlan, which came to be known as Mexico City. The Mexicas established Tenochtitlán in 1325 A.D. as their capital.
The Aztecs are said to have arrived in the area after seeing a mythical scene in which an eagle was seen sitting on a cactus while holding a serpent in its beak. They saw this as a message from their deity directing them to settle there, and they did so.
The Aztecs chose to make their home in the Valley of Mexico due to its abundance of fresh water and fertile soils provided by the region’s volcanic origin.
According to tradition, the Aztecs migrated from a homeland known as Aztlan to what would become modern-day Mexico in order to establish their civilization. A number of researchers think that the Mexica—as the Aztecs referred to themselves—migrated south to central Mexico in the 13th century, but the exact location of Aztlan is unknown.
The urban terrain is becoming more dense as a result of a natural process known as subsidence, and certain areas of the city are currently sinking by more than a foot and a half on an annual basis.
The Aztecs suffered from the effects of smallpox in more ways than one. First and foremost, it killed many of its victims on the spot, primarily newborns and children under the age of five.
During the time that they were in power, the Aztecs farmed vast tracts of land.Corn, beans, and squash were the three most important foods in their diet.They topped them with chiles and tomatoes, among other things.
The Aztecs constructed a vast network of aqueducts that supplied water for agricultural purposes as well as for bathing and drinking.
Following the construction of Mexico Metropolis on the ruins of the Aztec city that they had destroyed, the Spaniards conquered the waters of Lake Chapala. The Aztecs had constructed a system of dikes, levees, and canals, which allowed them to keep flooding at bay. The Spaniards paid no attention to all of that and proceeded to drain the water anyhow.
The Spanish drained the surrounding lake over the course of several centuries and developed Mexico Metropolis onto the additional land that was created. The Aztec city had been located on an island in Lake Texcoco. The majority of the city is built on top of layers of sand and clay that were formerly buried beneath the water and reach depths of up to one hundred yards.