The Zapotec civilisation, also known as Be’ena’a (Zapotec), ″The People,″ existed in the Valley of Oaxaca in Mesoamerica between the years 700 BC and 1521 AD. This indigenous pre-Columbian culture was known as Zapotec. According to the findings of archeological digs, the people who practiced this civilization first appeared at least 2,500 years ago.
The Zapotec civilisation was a pre-Columbian society that thrived in the rich Oaxaca valley of Mesoamerica. This valley is known for its excellent soil. Let’s take a gander at some fascinating information concerning the powerful civilisation in a moment.
The Zapotec civilisation was one of the highly developed cultures of Mesoamerica before the arrival of the Spaniards. As part of their advanced culture, the Zapotecs created a writing system, among other things.
There are four fundamental groups of Zapotecs: the istmeos, who live in the southern Isthmus of Tehuantepec; the serranos, who live in the northern mountains of the Sierra Madre de Oaxaca; the southern Zapotecs, who live in the southern mountains of the Sierra Sur; and the Central Valley Zapotecs, who live in and around the Valley of Oaxaca.Each of these groups has their own language, culture, and traditions.
Language. In addition to the closely related Chatino language, the Zapotecan language family includes more than sixty different varieties of the Zapotecan language. Isthmus Zapotec is the most common kind, and it is spoken on the coastal plain of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Southern Oaxaca.
Both the Zapotecs and the Aztecs belonged to the same Mesoamerican civilisation and established their homes in the central region of Mexico. Between the sixth and sixteenth centuries CE, the Zapotec civilisation flourished in the Valley of Oaxaca. Between the 14th and 16th centuries, the Aztec culture was at its height in the central region of Mexico.
Zapotec is the name given to a Middle American Indian people that now resides in the eastern and southern regions of Oaxaca in southern Mexico.
The Zapotecs, also known as Didxao in Zoogocho Zapotec, are one of the indigenous peoples of Mexico. The majority of the Zapotec people live in the state of Oaxaca, which is located in the south of Mexico, although there are other Zapotec communities in the states that border it.
Beans, gourds such as squash, maize, which is a variety of corn, and chili peppers were some of the food crops that were cultivated by the ancient Zapotecs. The Zapotec diet still includes the items listed above, particularly maize.
Invaders from Spain were eventually responsible for the demise of the Zapotec people. After suffering military defeat at the hands of the Aztecs in conflicts that took place between 1497 and 1502, the Zapotecs sought to avoid conflict with the Spaniards and, perhaps, to avoid the awful fate that befell the Aztecs.
After having been occupied by the Aztecs beginning in the 15th century, Oaxaca was subsequently captured by the Spaniards and Hernán Cortés formally classified it as a city in 1529. The Church of Santo Domingo, which was built in the 16th century and features elements of Indian design, is home to some of the city’s 16th-century art and architecture, which has been preserved.
Zapotec (/zaeptk/) is the name given to a set of over fifty closely related indigenous Mesoamerican languages. These languages represent a primary branch of the Oto-Manguean language family and are spoken by the Zapotec people who live in the southwestern-central highlands of Mexico.
It should not come as a surprise that the Mixtecs and Zapotecs lived in close proximity to one another because both of their languages are members of the Oto-Manguean language family. The Oto-Manguean language family is the largest linguistic group in the state of Oaxaca and in the Mexican Republic, with approximately 174 languages belonging to this family (according to Ethnologue.com).
The regulation of society.The Zapotec people of La Paz make use of formal social control tactics to reduce the amount of conflict that occurs among them.A venue that allows for the airing of grievances is provided by a community council that meets on an almost daily basis.In addition to enabling people to voice their opinions, its primary role is to prevent disputes from destabilizing society before they even arise.
Polytheism meant that the Zapotecs honored a great number of deities in their religion. In point of fact, they worshiped at least 15 distinct gods and goddesses. Cocijo, the deity of rain, and Pitao Cozobi, the god of maize, were among the most significant of their gods. Both were linked with the fertility of the land, which was one of their primary concerns.
An earth-shattering chain of occasions led to the conquest of the Zapotec people who lived in the central valleys of Oaxaca, Mexico, by the Spanish. This took place about 500 years ago.
The Zapotec language spoken on the isthmus may be learned at the Casa de la Cultura in Juchitán, which is located in the state of Oaxaca.
The Zapotec were also accomplished sculptors, and examples of their work can be found both in clay and in more valuable materials like jade. These examples include single effigy figures, groups of figures, and urns. Monte Albán II was created as a result of the city’s continued development between the years 150 BCE and 150 CE.
All of the indigenous languages of Mexico that belong to the Zapotecan language family are referred to together under the name ″Zapotec.″ The majority of these languages are spoken in the state of Oaxaca.