Hausa. The Hausa people are the most populous tribe in Nigeria, accounting for around 25 percent of the country’s total population. Hausaland is a region of northern Nigeria located between the Niger River and Lake Chad. It is composed primarily of farmers.
Yoruba, Hausa, and Igbo are the three primary ethnic groups of Nigeria, with over 250 more ethnic groups that are collectively referred to as minor ethnic groupings.
The Ijaw tribe is the oldest tribe in Nigeria and has been around for thousands of years. They are mostly comprised of indigenous peoples, as seen by their subgroup names of ‘Ijo’ and ‘Izon.’
Nigeria’s largest ethnic groups are listed below.
|Rank||Ethnic Group||Share of Nigerian Population|
In terms of language, they are both of Niger-Congo origin, belonging to the Kwa-group. Both the Yoruba and the Igbo languages have striking, if not spooky, linguistic similarities that indicate to a common origin. Despite the fact that they have so much in common, politics has always been a source of contention between the two groups.
As a result of the revocation of its charter, the Royal Niger Company surrendered its interests to the British government for £865,000 (equivalent to £108 million in today’s money).That sum, £46,407,250 (NGN 50,386,455,032,400 at today’s currency rate), was essentially the price paid by Britain to acquire the land that would eventually become known as Nigeria, according to historical records.
African ethnic groupings, the Igbo are one of the most numerous and populous. c. 31,466,800 dollars (2021 est.) The Niger-Congo language family includes the Igbo language, which is spoken in Nigeria. Several of its regional dialects are fairly mutually intelligible among members of the greater ‘Igboid’ cultural grouping.
What was the country’s previous name before Nigeria? Nigeria was once known as the Royal Niger Company Territories, which was a British colonial administration. There is absolutely nothing about it that sounds like a country name! The name Nigeria was changed, although it has remained in use till now.
The Yoruba are the majority ethnic group in the country. Nonetheless, there are more than 250 ethnic groups represented in Lagos, including those of the Hausa, Igbo, and Fulani people.
Yoruba is unquestionably the most populous ethnic group in Africa, with an estimated total population of 35 million people. However, the bulk of members are from Nigeria, who live on the southern and western sections of the country as well as the southern part of Benin. They have a long and illustrious history and cultural heritage that may be traced back to the ancient Oyo Empire.
The Hausa are a vast tribe and the largest of the ten greatest tribes in Africa, with an estimated population of 74 million people, the majority of them live in Nigeria, where 64 million of them live. They are the most populous of the ten largest tribes in Africa.
In recent years, the Ijaw have been campaigning for greater political representation in Nigeria. Their native grounds in the Niger River Delta, despite being the country’s fifth biggest ethnic group, are some of the most oil-rich in the world, according to the United Nations.
A 100-mile stretch north of their current position at the junction of the Niger and Benue rivers is where the Igbo are thought to have emerged from their ancestral homeland.They share linguistic relations with their neighbors the Bini, Igala, Yoruba, and Idoma, with the divide between them happening between five and six thousand years ago.They are also related to the Bini, Igala, Yoruba, and Idoma.