Smallpox, measles, mumps, and chicken pox were the principal illnesses that the Aztecs were exposed to once the Spanish ″found″ South America. Because the Aztecs’ immune systems had never been exposed to anything even somewhat similar to the new pathogens that the Spanish (who were commanded by a guy named Cortés) brought over, these new infections proved to be fatal for the Aztecs.
In the past, the successful conquest of the Mexican Aztec and Peruvian Inca empires by a handful of Spanish conquistadors led by Hernando Cortes and Francisco Pizarro, respectively, resulted in large part from epidemics of smallpox and measles virus infection that decimated the native defenders. These epidemics occurred during the 15th and 16th centuries.
The arrival of Disease in the Americas Due to Spanish Conquistadors Infectious Disease Across the Americas Diseases from the old world, such as smallpox, chicken pox, diphtheria, typhus, influenza, measles, malaria, and yellow fever, played a significant role in the conquistadors’ successes in the Americas.However, technological advances and cultural influences also played a significant part in these victories.
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DISEASE AND THE AZTEC EMPIRE One of the more serious illnesses brought to the New World by Europeans was smallpox, which is thought to have had the most profound effect on the native people who lived there.For instance, it is said that a widespread outbreak of smallpox occurred among the Aztecs residing in Tenochtitlan between the months of September and November in the year 1520.
When European explorers arrived in the New World during the Age of Exploration, they brought with them a large number of different diseases that were not already present in the New World. These diseases included: smallpox, influenza, measles, malaria, chicken pox, and yellow fever. In addition, they brought with them a variety of animals that carried these diseases.
Along with European explorers and colonists that ventured to other regions of the world, they brought the disease known as smallpox.Because they had never been exposed to the virus and did not have any natural protection to it, the indigenous inhabitants of the Americas, including the Aztecs, were particularly at risk of contracting smallpox.This made them highly susceptible to the disease.
Aztecs did not had any protection to the illnesses brought by Europeans. The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish. The epidemic decimated the Aztec people, causing a significant drop in their population and causing an estimated fifty percent of the people living in Tenochtitlan to perish.
Before the advent of Europeans, the illness known as smallpox was not only unheard of in Mexico, but it was also unheard of across the rest of the Americas. It was brought to the territories that are now part of Mexico by the Spanish, and it was a crucial factor in the collapse of the Aztec Empire.
The Native Americans did not have any protection to the lethal viruses and germs that the Europeans carried with them, such as smallpox, measles, typhus, and cholera (Denevan, 1976). Syphilis was introduced back to Europe by sailors from European countries when they arrived home.
The most important thing that the Spanish did was to put an end to the Aztec practice of human sacrifice.According to the New World Encyclopedia, the Aztecs performed human sacrifices at each of their 18 yearly celebrations.[Citation needed] The victims of human sacrifice rites were frequently subjected to torturous practices, such as being shot with arrows, set on fire, or submerged in water.
The influence of illnesses from the old world The Spanish were responsible for unintentionally introducing several epidemic diseases, including smallpox, measles, and influenza. In addition to typhus and yellow fever, these illnesses had a significant negative influence on the Maya people.
Shortly after the arrival of the Spanish in Mexico in 1519, smallpox wiped off anywhere from 5 million to 8 million Aztecs. It is now believed that an altogether other sickness was responsible for the death of 15 million Aztecs and the collapse of their civilisation.
It’s possible that food poisoning was the cause of the strange pandemic that ravaged Aztec civilization. The Aztec Empire was ravaged by a mysterious illness in the year 1545. Those who were infected with it might potentially acquire a high temperature, have nausea and vomiting, and experience blotchy skin.
After being expelled from Tenochtitlan and coming dangerously close to extinction, the Spanish eventually made their way back to the city and laid siege to it. The Aztecs put up a ferocious fight under the leadership of their last monarch, Cuauhtémoc (about 1495-1525), but they were ultimately vanquished in late 1521.
Regarding the physician Ruy Diaz de Isla, he admits that syphilis was a ″unknown illness, thus far not seen and never documented,″ which first appeared in Barcelona in 1493 and was indigenous to Espaola Island (Spanish: Isla Espaola), which is a part of the Galápagos Islands.
Within five years, an epidemic that the natives referred to as ″cocoliztli″ was responsible for the deaths of as many as 15 million people, which is equivalent to an estimated 80 percent of the population. In the Nahuatl language of the Aztecs, the term translates to ″plague.″ On the other hand, the reason for it has been debated for close to 500 years.
What kind of treatment did the Spanish have in store for the natives? They made them their slaves and stole their food.
The conquistadors’ arsenal included rapiers, broadswords with two hands, pikes, halberds, crossbows, matchlock muskets, and even a few cannons.
At that time, it is thought that the Spanish had accumulated somewhere in the neighborhood of eight thousand pounds of gold and silver, in addition to a substantial amount of feathers, cotton, gems, and other items.