Because of their contribution to the development of Aztec society, the Spanish had a beneficial impact on Aztec civilisation. They taught the Aztecs how to cultivate using European techniques, as well as how to raise domestic animals, sugar, and wheat. The most important thing that the Spanish did was to put an end to the Aztec practice of human sacrifice.
When the Spanish and their native allies were finally successful in breaching the city’s walls, they did not hold back their brutality. They took the Aztecs down one block at a time, murdering without discrimination and pillaging all they could get their hands on. Temples were leveled along with residential buildings.
The Spanish brought a number of illnesses to Mexico, including smallpox, influenza, and malaria, which had a devastating effect on the Aztec people. Around eighty percent of the individuals who lived in the Valley of Mexico succumbed to these illnesses throughout the course of their lifetimes. Tenochtitlan’s ruins served as the basis for the construction of Mexico City by Cortés.
An exploration mission to find gold on the North American continent was what kicked off the process of gaining control of Mexico. Cortés led around 450 troops to Mexico in 1519 and made his way from Veracruz on the Gulf Coast to the island city of Tenochtitlan, which was the magnificently gorgeous Aztec capital situated in Lake Texcoco. Cortés arrived in Mexico from Veracruz.
During this historical period, the nobles and religious leaders of the Aztec people grew extremely enraged with the Spanish. They held the belief that Moctezuma II was a weak ruler who had allowed the Spanish to gain control of the city.
The peoples that the Spanish captured were treated in what manner? Inhumanely, the Spanish oppressed the native people and forced them to work on their ″encomienda″ farms, ranches, and mines.
What kind of treatment did the Spanish have in store for the natives? They forced them into slavery and stole their food.
Following the Spanish conquest of the Americas, the local population was exposed to the Catholic religion. The religion of Christianity was adopted by hundreds of Native Americans. There was an increase in the construction of parishes, monasteries, and shrines. In addition to gaining more control for Spain, this was a primary objective of the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
The number of people living in the New World was cut in half. Others were forced into servitude, exiled from their homes, or made to suffer mutilation, famine, or all three. The tragedy caused by smallpox was several times more severe than the violence committed by the conquistadors.
One of the effects that Spanish colonialism had on Native Americans was the introduction of new diseases. Disease, conflict, and harsh working conditions led to the deaths of tens of thousands of Native Americans.
Steel, sickness, organized alliances, and 16 horses were some of the advantages that the Spanish held against the Aztecs. Other advantages were firearms and armor.
The Spanish were successful in their conquest of North and South America not only due to their possession of horses, dogs, firearms, and swords, but also due to the fact that they carried viruses with them that caused many native Americans to get ill. Native Americans had never been exposed to diseases such as measles or smallpox; as a result, they lacked immunity to these conditions.
The former religious institutions of the Aztec Empire were thought to be blasphemous by the Spanish Christians, and by the year 1521, the Spanish had demolished 600 temples and 20,000 idols as a result of this. Despite their numerical disadvantage, the indigenous peoples readily accepted Christianity as their new religion.