The Inca civilisation placed a significant emphasis on astronomy due to the role it played in agricultural practices.The Incas utilized astronomy to determine when the solstices occurred, when the seasons changed, and when the optimal times were to plant seeds and harvest crops.However, this is not all of it, the urban distribution of ancient Cusco was designed to mirror the stars that can be seen in the sky.
The ancient Inca culture in Peru attached a great deal of significance to the study of astronomy. They were the only society in the world to designate light constellations in addition to dark stars in the night sky. Not only did the Incas recognize particular stars and constellations, but they also gave each one a function in their system.
Engineering was the Inca culture’s most advanced technological ability. The most impressive example is their incredible network of roadways. The Incas constructed a network of roadways that stretched the length and breadth of their kingdom. They hacked staircases and tunnels out of the rock in order to make pathways through mountain ranges that were particularly steep.
Inca Calendar As a result of this study of the universe, the empire conceived of a solar year that was composed of 12 months, with each of these months consisting of 30 days and being split into three weeks that were each 10 days long.
Astronomy and Religion in Inca Culture The study of space, including celestial bodies such as planets, stars, and galaxies, is known as astronomy. Both the Inca society and religion placed a great deal of importance on it. The Incas had the belief that all things in the cosmos were interconnected in some way. Both the sun and the moon were regarded as divine entities by the Inca people.
For the Aztecs, as it was for many other cultures throughout history, astronomy was a subject that was deeply entwined with sacred importance and a rigorous ethical code of conduct. The independence of Mexico from Spanish colonial control was largely attributed to the Aztecs’ advanced knowledge of astronomy, which also played a significant part in following historical events.
By the seventh century before the common era, astronomers in Babylonia, which was a state in what is now Iraq but was located in Mesopotamia at the time, were making comprehensive observations, mostly for the purpose of astrological predicting.Previous cuneiform documents have hinted that ancient astronomers used mathematical techniques to make predictions about where planets will be located in the future.
The author TK McEwan states in his book ″The Incas: New Perspectives″ (ABC-CLIO, 2006) that one of the primary reasons why the Inca were able to expand their empire was because the infrastructure was already in place. This included things like hydraulic systems and highways that were left behind by the empires that came before the Inca.
The Incas invented dozens of different ways for working with textiles, stone, and metal throughout their history. They were deft and competent in their work. They were also responsible for the development of several farming and agricultural techniques. The quality of their roadways was also something to be admired.
The Incas worshipped the mountains as physical embodiments of their gods and ancestors, and they also used the mountains for their utilitarian purposes, such as supplying food and shelter.
The Incas and other ancient Andean societies employed a system called a quipu (khipu), which consisted of thread and knots, in order to retain records and transmit information with one another. This uncomplicated and very portable gadget attained a surprising level of accuracy and adaptability in spite of the lack of an alphabetic writing system.
The Inca civilization is famous for many things, including the creation of the largest empire that the Americas have ever seen, the development of innovative agricultural techniques, and the development of art and architecture that were notable for their unique combination of geometric stonework and natural scenery.
The Southern Cross was known to the Incas as ″Chakana,″ which literally translates to ″stair,″ and it played a significant role in Incan mysticism.The Incas believed that the Southern Cross represented the three tiers of the universe: the heavens, the realm of the living, and the underworld.Around 5,000 years ago, anyone living in the northern hemisphere would have been able to see the Southern Cross.
The Incas were able to unify their empire by imposing their language on the peoples they conquered, requiring them to serve in the military, and constructing a sophisticated and extensive writing system.
According to Zuidema (1990: 90), it is possible that the Incas devised their nocturnal calendar in order to commemorate significant festivities in honor of the moon and stars (see below), both of which were revered deities in Inca culture.It only had 328 days, which is equivalent to twelve months that were each 27.33 days long.The latter number is quite close to the length of a lunar month, which is exactly 28 days.