People produced these depressions or shallow incisions in the desert floor between the years 500 BC and AD 500 by removing stones and leaving various colored soil exposed. They did this by making depressions in the desert floor. Both the Paracas phase (which lasted from 400 to 200 BC) and the Nazca phase (which lasted from 200 BC to 500 AD) are important stages of the Nazca lines.
It is thought that the inhabitants of Nazca employed grids formed of ropes and posts to portray the scale drawings. This theory is based on the fact that the forms of the Nazca lines are extremely precise, and the dimensions of the lines themselves are immense. Maria Reiche, a renowned archaeologist, developed various hypotheses on the formation of the lines.
The following are some hypotheses that have been suggested by a variety of authors and researchers. The notion proposed by Erich von Daniken is arguably the most well-known attempt to decipher the riddle of Nazca. He was under the impression that long ago, travelers from distant solar systems had stopped by planet Earth and, of course, Nazca.
The well-known archaeologist has a belief that the lines of Nazca are magical lines that originate from the cat cult in Chavin de Huantar. This theory can be found in his book. According to Breunig, the Nazca Desert was formerly the site of races held in honor of certain gods or as part of ritualized tournaments. Hoimar von Ditfurth, a renowned professor, was a proponent of this notion.
The majority of the lines, it is believed by scientists, were drawn by the Nasca people, who were at the height of their civilization from about 1 AD to 700 AD. Certain regions of the pampa have the appearance of a chalk board that has been heavily used, with lines that overlay one another and patterns that are cut through with straight lines that have both ancient and more recent roots.
The Nazca wanted to show their reverence for the natural world and pay homage to their gods, particularly those who controlled the weather, which was particularly important to the Nazca’s ability to practice successful agriculture in the dry plains of Peru. This may be the most obvious purpose of the lines.
The Nazca Lines were produced by removing a layer of ruddy stones off the surface of the earth in order to expose a ground that was whiter below. Where in the world, in the modern day, was the Inca Empire established? The majority of Inca ceramics was painted with scenes from mythology and figures associated with several religions. Mayans are responsible for the creation of the Nazca lines.
The Nazca Lines have been organically maintained because to the dry environment of the region and the winds that blow sand out of the grooves that make up the lines. The archaeological site of Nazca was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List in the year 1994.
The polychrome pottery of the Nazca civilization included at least 12 different hues of paint, making it a defining characteristic of the society. The transition from painting ceramics with post-fire resin to painting ceramics with slip before firing signified the end of the Paracas pottery style and the beginning of the Nazca pottery style.
Squatters provide the greatest danger to Peru’s historic and heritage sites, as the country’s Ministry of Culture claims to receive between 120 and 180 reports of unlawful encroachments every year. In the end, the Nazca Lines have succumbed to the same fate as so many other historical sites: they have been ruined by their own reputation.