The western coast of South America was the location of the great Incan Empire. The Ican Empire was enormous, and because of its varied topography, it was subdivided into three distinct geographic regions: mountainous, tropical, and arid. The Andes Mountains ran from north to south and were the location of the Inca civilisation at its southernmost point.
The Inca Empire covered practically the entire length of the Andes mountain range, which is approximately 2,500 miles when measured in a north-to-south direction. It extended all the way from the coast of the Pacific Ocean in the west to the basin of the Amazon River in the east.
The Inca Empire was the most powerful and widespread pre-Columbian society in South America.Its territory extended from the Andes to the Pacific coast of the continent.At the height of its glory, the Inca Empire included territory all the way from the north of Ecuador to the middle of Chile and exercised authority over a population of 12 million people who belonged to more than 100 distinct ethnic groups.
Huayna Cápac, son of Tpac Inca, expanded the empire by adding a tiny amount of territory to the north, which is now located in Ecuador and portions of Peru. At its height, the Inca Empire encompassed not just Peru and Bolivia but also a significant piece of what is now Ecuador and a significant part of what is now Chile’s northern region, which is located north of the Maule River.
The Andes Mountains were the Inca people’s home. South America’s Pacific coast is bounded on its western side by the Andes Mountains, which run the whole length of South America’s western coast.
The Inca civilisation reached its height between the years 1400 and 1533 CE and flourished in ancient Peru.The Inca empire ultimately included all of western South America, reaching all the way from Quito in the north to Santiago in the south.It is the biggest empire that has ever existed in the Americas, and it is also the largest empire that has ever been elsewhere in the globe at that time.
Machu Picchu is one of the Inca civilization’s most well-known and well-preserved archaeological monuments, and it may be found in modern-day Peru, sandwiched between the Andes Mountains and the Amazon Basin. The majority of this stunning old city, which is made up of over 200 buildings erected up on the slopes, is still a mystery.
At its height, the Inca Empire included not only Peru but also western and south central Bolivia, southwest Ecuador, and a significant chunk of what is now Chile’s northern region, all of which are located above the Maule River.
A wide coastal desert, the rocky peaks of the Andes Mountains, and the thick Amazon Jungle were some of the natural impediments that the Inca had to contend with. What is meant by the term ″natural barrier″? The Andes Mountains, which are the second biggest mountain range in the world, are where the Inca civilisation had its start.
– 1527 est. The Inca Empire was not only one of the greatest empires in the world at the time of its fall, but it was also the largest empire that existed in pre-Columbian America. Cuzco served as the administrative, political, and military hub of the Inca Empire for much of its history.
There were other civilizations in Mesoamerica before the Inca, Aztec, and Maya, therefore these three were neither the earliest or the only ones.
Mesoamerica was home to three great empires: the Maya, the Aztecs, and the Incas. The Maya and Aztec empires were found in Mesoamerica, while the Inca empire was found throughout the Andes mountain range in South America. Mesoamerica is the name given to the region that spans from Mexico in the north to Costa Rica in the south of the Americas.
They constructed water storage cisterns as well as irrigation canals that zigzagged and slanted their way down and around the mountains. In addition to this, they hacked terraces into the hillside, beginning in the lowlands and working their way up the slopes.
By establishing reciprocal or alliance relationships, the Incas were able to conquer a huge region. When the Incas arrived in a new area, one of their first priorities was to form a connection with the most powerful member of the local tribe. He presented the guests with presents including wool garments, coca leaves, and mullu (shell believed to be food for the Gods).
During the 12th century A.D., the Inca initially made their appearance in what is now the southeast region of Peru. Some versions of their origin stories state that the sun god Inti was responsible for their creation. In these versions, Inti is said to have dispatched his son Manco Capac to Earth via the midst of three caverns in the settlement of Paccari Tampu to bring the Incas with him.
Cuzco, which is located very high in the Andes, served as the capital of the Inca empire and later evolved into the administrative center for all of the religious institutions that operated under the viceroyalty. Shortly after the Spanish occupation of Cuzco in the 1530s, European painters began establishing studios and galleries in the city.
The Incas are most known for creating the Inca Empire in Pre-Columbian America. This empire, which flourished from 1438 to 1533 and was located in the region that is now known as Peru, is considered by many to be the pinnacle of American civilisation. Before the year 1438, the Inca kingdom was commonly referred to as the Kingdom of Cuzco.