Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador, also known as a conqueror. He is most famous for his victory against the Aztec empire in 1521 and the subsequent annexation of Mexico by Spain. In addition to this, he was a key figure in the colonization of Cuba and later served as a governor in New Spain.
Conquistador Hernan Cortés was the leader of the Spanish expedition that sought to capture the Aztec Empire and explore its territory. When he was 19 years old, he embarked on a journey to the Spanish colonies that were located in the Caribbean.
Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.
In his pursuit of riches, glory, and deity, Cortes set his sights on the Aztec people. As a result of these factors, a significant number of individuals living in the Aztec Empire were miserable. A number of them provided assistance to the Spanish conquistadors during their conquest of the empire.
The Aztecs came to the conclusion that it was high time for the Spanish to depart. They did not want to murder them since it was possible that they were gods in disguise, but the Aztecs did want them to continue on their way. The Spaniards were, in all honesty, relieved to get out of there. They had been thinking about how to survive the journey for some time now.
And by the year 1428, Itzcoatl, also known as ″Obsidian Snake,″ the emperor of the Aztecs, together with Tlacaelel, his principal adviser, led the Aztecs to victory against their former friends and oppressors. The Aztecs built a dominion in the 15th century that eventually included the majority of what is now Mexico under the leadership of a series of ambitious rulers who ruled over them.
Any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, particularly in the 16th century in Mexico and Peru, is referred to as a conquistador. The word ″conquistador″ comes from the Spanish word ″conquista,″ which means ″conqueror.″
The peoples that the Spanish captured were treated in what manner? Inhumanely, the Spanish oppressed the native people and forced them to work on their ″encomienda″ farms, ranches, and mines.
After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.
The Spanish were successful in their conquest of North and South America not only due to their possession of horses, dogs, firearms, and swords, but also due to the fact that they carried viruses with them that caused many native Americans to get ill. Native Americans had never been exposed to diseases such as measles or smallpox; as a result, they lacked immunity to these conditions.
Steel, sickness, organized alliances, and 16 horses were some of the advantages that the Spanish held against the Aztecs. Other advantages were firearms and armor.