On August 13, 1521, a combination army of Spanish soldiers and local Tlaxcalan warriors headed by Cortés and Xicotencatl the Younger seized the emperor Cuauhtémoc and Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire. This event marked the culmination of the Spanish campaign against the Aztec Empire.
Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire, was taken by Spanish soldiers led by Hernán Cortés after a siege that lasted three months and lasted there. The city was razed to the ground and the Aztec ruler, Cuauhtémoc, was taken captive by Cortés’ troops.
In addition, when the first building of Tenochtitlan was completed, the Aztecs were governed over by a succession of rulers who were collectively known as the Huey Tlatoani throughout the subsequent two centuries.This term translates to ″Great Speaker″ in Nahuatl, the language used by the Aztecs.As the Spanish conquistadors advanced into Aztec land, Moctezuma II assumed the role of supreme ruler of his people.
Cuauhtémoc was the final emperor of the Aztec empire to actively fight against the Spanish.Cuauhtémoc, whose name can be translated either as ″Setting Sun″ or ″Descending Eagle,″ was the 11th Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan, which literally means ″speaker″ but can also be translated as ″king.″ He was also the last ruler of the Aztec Empire.Cuauhtémoc’s name means ″Setting Sun″ or ″Descending Eagle.″
MEETING OF THE SPANISH AND AZTECS As the Spanish conquistadors advanced into Aztec land, Moctezuma II assumed the role of supreme ruler of his people.It was in the year 1517 when Spanish conquistadors landed at the edge of Aztec territory along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, which is when Moctezuma II is said to have first been aware of the presence of the Spanish.Historians have recounted this information.
In the year 1519, when Spanish conquistadors landed in the Aztec imperial metropolis of Mexico-Tenochtitlán, Moctezuma II was the ruler of Mexico-Tenochtitlán. The city had become prosperous, and it was believed that there were between 200,000 and 300,000 people living there at the time.
Montezuma II, who was also known by the spelling Moctezuma, was the ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico. He was born in 1466 and died on June 30, 1520 at Tenochtitlan, which is now a part of Mexico City. Montezuma II is most well-known for his encounter with the Spanish explorer Hernán Cortés.
Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conqueror and explorer who was born around the year 1485. He is most known for his victory against the Aztecs and the conquest of Mexico by the Spanish. When he was 19 years old, he made his maiden voyage to the New World. In subsequent years, Cortés participated in an expedition to Cuba.
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.
In 1521, a group of foreign invaders headed by the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés successfully destroyed the Aztec Empire and took control of Tenochtitlan, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great indigenous civilisation.
The Aztec Empire, which existed from from 1345 to 1521, at its peak controlled much of the territory in the north of Mesoamerica. Aztec warriors were able to subjugate the nations that bordered their territory, which allowed Aztec kings like Montezuma to spread Aztec values and religion throughout the entirety of Mexico.
The Spanish brought a number of illnesses to Mexico, including smallpox, influenza, and malaria, which had a devastating effect on the Aztec people. Around eighty percent of the individuals who lived in the Valley of Mexico succumbed to these illnesses throughout the course of their lifetimes.
Itzcóatl was the ruler of the Aztec Empire during the years 1428 and 1440.Tenochtitlan, which he ruled, entered into a three-way alliance with the neighboring realms of Texcoco and Tlacopan during his reign.By forming this alliance, the Aztecs were able to extend their kingdom and establish themselves as the preeminent force in the central region of Mexico.
Itzcóatl was followed in power by Montezuma I, who ruled from 1440 to 1469.
|Fall of Tenochtitlan|
|Casualties and losses|
|450–860 Spanish 20,000 Tlaxcaltecs||100,000 killed in action 300 war canoes sunk At least 40,000 Aztecs civilians killed and captured, other sources claim 100,000 to 240,000 were killed in the campaign overall including warriors and civilians|
After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.
Because of their contribution to the development of Aztec society, the Spanish had a beneficial impact on Aztec civilisation. They taught the Aztecs how to cultivate using European techniques, as well as how to raise domestic animals, sugar, and wheat. The most important thing that the Spanish did was to put an end to the Aztec practice of human sacrifice.