Human sacrifices were frequently carried out in line with the Aztecs’ 18-month and 20-day calendar, which was followed for many of the rites that were staged at the temples by the Aztecs. These calendars were based on the seasons and festivals. On certain days of the month, sacrifices were offered, and there were celebrations held in honor of a different deity every single month.
It was recently estimated by Woodrow Borah, an expert on the demographics of ancient Mexico who works at the University of California, Berkeley, that the Aztecs slaughtered a total of 250,000 individuals per year. This represented around one percent of the total population of the region, which was 25 million.
During the inaugural ceremony, which lasted for four days, around 4,000 captives were executed in order to appease the gods of the Aztecs and maybe to terrify anybody who had even the remotest thought of posing a threat to this oppressive yet alluring American kingdom.
It was long thought that the Aztecs only engaged in ritual cannibalism during times of famine, but another explanation is that consuming the flesh of a person who had been offered to the gods was similar to communing with the gods themselves. This theory was supported by the fact that cannibalism was practiced during times of famine.
Steel, sickness, organized alliances, and 16 horses were some of the advantages that the Spanish held against the Aztecs. Other advantages were firearms and armor.
More than three million Aztecs perished as a result of the smallpox epidemic; with such a severely depleted population, it was very simple for the Spanish to conquer Tenochtitlán.
During the time that they were in power, the Aztecs farmed vast tracts of land. Corn, beans, and squash were the three most important foods in their diet. They added chiles and tomatoes to these ingredients. They also gathered a species of crayfish-like critter called an acocil, which is common in Lake Texcoco, as well as a type of algae called spirulina, which they baked into cakes.
In the afterlife, they engaged in a battle with the sun through the use of human sacrifices. The Aztecs were concerned about what might happen after every 52 years. What steps may be taken to prevent such from happening? They would put out any sacred fires, destroy their furniture and possessions, and enter a state of sorrow at this time.
The Maya and the Aztecs each held sway over portions of the territory that is now Mexico. On the other hand, the Maya were more interested in scientific endeavors such as charting the constellations, while the Aztecs had a more violent, warlike lifestyle that included numerous human sacrifices.
There is abundant evidence to suggest that the majority, if not all, of the Indians who inhabited the northeastern region of the United States participated in cannibalism and other forms of torture. For example, there is documentation of the Algonquin, Huron, and Neutral tribes all engaging in the same behavior.
Why did Aztec subjects rise up and fight against their conquerors? People who had been conquered by the Aztecs rose up against them because the Aztecs practiced human sacrifice and religious intolerance, and the conquered people did not approve of either practice.
The Aztec Empire is one of the few earlier civilizations that required its citizens to receive an education both at home and at formal institutions of learning. No matter what their parents’ social standing was, whether they were aristocratic, common, or slave, each and every kid received an education.