|Fall of Tenochtitlan|
|Casualties and losses|
|450–860 Spanish 20,000 Tlaxcaltecs||100,000 killed in action 300 war canoes sunk At least 40,000 Aztecs civilians killed and captured, other sources claim 100,000 to 240,000 were killed in the campaign overall including warriors and civilians|
When European settlers came in North America, they brought with them infectious diseases to which the indigenous peoples had no immunity.Shortly after the arrival of the Spanish in Mexico in 1519, smallpox wiped off anywhere from 5 million to 8 million Aztecs.It is now believed that an altogether other sickness was responsible for the death of 15 million Aztecs and the collapse of their civilisation.
Within five years, an epidemic that the natives referred to as ″cocoliztli″ was responsible for the deaths of as many as 15 million people, which is equivalent to an estimated 80 percent of the population. In the Nahuatl language of the Aztecs, the term translates to ″plague.″ However, the reason behind it has been debated for about half a millennium now.
In the space of barely two years, the king of the Aztec empire, Montezuma, passed away, the capital city of Tenochtitlan fell into Spanish hands, and Cortés claimed the Aztec empire for Spain. Although Spanish armament and strategies had a part, the most of the devastation was caused by plagues of illnesses brought over from Europe.
Cortés and his coalition army arrived on the outskirts of the Aztec capital in May of 1521 and immediately began laying siege to the city. His army consisted of over 800 Spanish conquistadors and tens of thousands of native guerrilla fighters. His conquests were successful.
More than three million Aztecs perished as a result of the smallpox epidemic; with such a severely depleted population, it was very simple for the Spanish to conquer Tenochtitlán.
Only a little amount of meat was consumed on a daily basis; the Aztec diet was predominantly vegetarian, with the exception of grasshoppers, maguey worms, ants, and other types of larvae. Even in modern times, certain regions of Mexico consider some of these insects to be culinary treats.
By the 1500s, they had not only survived, but even triumphed over their adversaries, and they were making every effort to ensure that they would not be forced to regress. They conquered their neighbors, at first the various ethnic groups that lived in the central core of Mexico, and subsequently far further away, by employing both their intelligence and their physical might.
Nahua is the name that has come to be used for the Aztecs’ descendants in modern times. More than one and a half million Nahua people make their life in tiny settlements that are spread out throughout wide swaths of rural Mexico. These Nahua people make their living mostly by farming and sometimes by selling handicrafts.
It’s possible that food poisoning was the cause of the strange pandemic that ravaged Aztec civilization. The Aztec Empire was ravaged by a mysterious illness in the year 1545. Those who were infected with it might potentially acquire a high temperature, have nausea and vomiting, and experience blotchy skin.
After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.
Aztecs did not had any protection to the illnesses brought by Europeans. The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish. The epidemic decimated the Aztec people, causing a significant drop in their population and causing an estimated fifty percent of the people living in Tenochtitlan to perish.
According to Ross Hassig, who wrote the book ″Aztec Warfare,″ this figure is far higher than it actually was. According to Hassig, the event involved the sacrificial deaths of ″between 10,000 and 80,400 individuals.″ According to the more conservative estimate, there would be an average of 15 sacrifices each minute for the course of the four-day consecration.
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
In his pursuit of riches, glory, and deity, Cortes set his sights on the Aztec people. As a result of these factors, a significant number of individuals living in the Aztec Empire were miserable. A number of them provided assistance to the Spanish conquistadors during their conquest of the empire.
Many people living within the Aztec Empire came to the conclusion that Cortés was actually the god Quetzalcoatl, who was destined to return and depose Tezcatlipoca, the god who required that humans be sacrificed to him.