The Andean mountains of Peru were the birthplace of the Inca civilisation, which flourished there sometime in the early 13th century. In the year 1532, the Spanish launched their invasion of the Inca Empire, and in the year 1572, they successfully took control of the final Inca fortress.
The Inca Empire spanned a vast area. It was possible to travel from Chile to Columbia using routes built by the Spanish. This indicates that the Inca Empire was far greater than that of the Romans. The route that leads to Machu Picchu is known as the Inca Trail or the Camino Inca in Spanish. It is also known as the most renowned road in the world.
(Exhibit more) The Inca, also known as the Inka, were a group of South American Indians who, at the time of the Spanish conquest in 1532, ruled an empire that stretched from the northern boundary of current Ecuador to the Maule River in central Chile, along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands.
When Manco Capac established his capital in Cusco around 1200 and until Atahualpa was assassinated in 1533, the Incan civilisation had risen from a small group of settlers to the most powerful empire in pre-Columbian America, according to historians.
The descendants of the Inca are the modern-day Quechua-speaking peasants of the Andes, who make up around 45 percent of Peru’s population and speak Quechua as their primary language. They employ basic, age-old technologies in conjunction with their agricultural and herding practices.
On August 29, 1533, the emperor was bound to a stake and given the option of converting to Christianity in exchange for either being burnt alive or having his throat choked with a garrote.
In the middle of the 15th century, it is thought that Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, the ninth Inca king, was responsible for the construction of Machu Picchu. As a builder of empires, Pachacuti was responsible for the beginning of a series of conquests that would eventually lead to the expansion of the Inca kingdom over South America, all the way from Ecuador to Chile.
Since the average Inca person stood around 1.6 meters tall, researchers hypothesized that Inca ell (arms) may have been between 40 and 45 centimeters.
The predominant theory holds that the Inca were ultimately vanquished as a result of inferior weaponry, a strategy known as ″open combat,″ sickness, internal turmoil, the daring tactics of the Spanish, and the seizure of their monarch.
According to a recent study, Inca doctors in ancient Peru routinely and effectively removed tiny parts of patients’ skulls to treat head injuries in a variety of cases. According to the findings of the research, the trepanation surgical technique was carried out on adult males the majority of the time, most commonly to treat wounds sustained during war.
The Incas were said to have been ″terrified″ when they heard ″the shooting of the cannons and at the horses″ (p. 70) because none of these things were familiar to them; neither had they ever seen horses. Diamond asserts that ″the superior armaments of the Spaniards would have ensured an ultimate Spanish triumph″ in the war (p. 66).
The Spanish quickly discovered the majority of the gold and silver that the Inca Empire had been hoarding for generations, and a significant sum of treasure was even personally handed to the Spanish as part of the exchange for Atahualpa’s freedom. The initial 160 soldiers who invaded Peru with Pizarro became exceedingly rich as a result of their actions.
Machu Picchu fell into ruin because it had been used as a refuge for Inca monarchy at the time of the Spanish conquest of Peru. At that time, the Inca nobility were held hostage by the Spanish.
No, the Inca Empire did not have slaves in the traditional sense, despite the fact that it was essentially a cashless society.