How Did The Spanish Take Over The Aztecs?

How Did The Spanish Take Over The Aztecs?

Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.

What happened during the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire?

Conquistadors from Spain, commanded by Hernán Cortés, successfully toppled the Aztec Empire between the years 1519 and 1521.The term ″Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire″ refers to this historical event.One of the most significant episodes in the history of the Spanish colonization of the Americas took place when Cortés assisted in the victory of Aztec adversaries from the past.The Aztec people suffered a great deal as a result of the Spanish conquest.

How did the conquistadors change the Aztecs?

The Spanish attempted to convert the Aztecs to Catholicism and make them behave in a manner more typical of people from Spain. By allowing many Aztec nobles to make the transition to Spanish nobility, they facilitated a smoother transition from Aztec control to Spanish rule. People who had assisted the conquistadors in their victory against the Aztecs were given rewards by those conquerors.

What did the Spanish bring to the Aztecs?

They taught the Aztecs how to cultivate using European techniques, as well as how to raise domestic animals, sugar, and wheat. The most important thing that the Spanish did was to put an end to the Aztec practice of human sacrifice. According to the New World Encyclopedia, the Aztecs performed human sacrifices at each of their 18 yearly celebrations. [Citation needed]

How did the Spanish meet the Aztecs?

MEETING OF THE SPANISH AND AZTECS As the Spanish conquistadors advanced into Aztec land, Moctezuma II assumed the role of supreme ruler of his people.It was in the year 1517 when Spanish conquistadors landed at the edge of Aztec territory along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, which is when Moctezuma II is said to have first been aware of the presence of the Spanish.Historians have recounted this information.

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Why were the Spanish easily able to conquer the Aztecs?

The Spanish were successful in their conquest of North and South America not only due to their possession of horses, dogs, firearms, and swords, but also due to the fact that they carried viruses with them that caused many native Americans to get ill. Native Americans had never been exposed to diseases such as measles or smallpox; as a result, they lacked immunity to these conditions.

When did the Spanish overtake the Aztecs?

After routing a significant portion of the Aztec army at Otumba, the Spaniards eventually located and reestablished contact with their Tlaxcaltec allies. Cortés made his way back to Tenochtitlan in May of 1521, and after a siege that lasted for three months, the city was taken. The Aztec empire was destroyed as a direct result of this triumph.

What 3 things helped the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs?

The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.

What did the Spanish take from the Aztecs?

By the year 1521, the Mexica capital city of Tenochtitlan had been reduced to ashes, Emperor Montezuma had passed away, and the Spanish had established complete dominance over the region they began to refer to as ″New Spain.″ In the course of their journey, Cortes and his soldiers amassed hundreds of pounds of gold and silver, as well as precious stones, gems, and valuable works of Aztec art.

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How were the Spanish able to conquer and colonize the Americas?

Poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain made up the majority of Spanish conquistadors. They were able to conquer the vast empires of the New World with the assistance of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful weaponry.

How did the Spanish treat the people conquered?

The peoples that the Spanish captured were treated in what manner? Inhumanely, the Spanish oppressed the native people and forced them to work on their ″encomienda″ farms, ranches, and mines.

What happened to the Aztecs after they were conquered?

After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.

How long did it take the Spanish to conquer the Aztecs?

The Spanish conquistadors besieged Tenochtitlán beginning on May 22, 1521 and continuing until August 13, 1521, a total of 93 days. This was accomplished through an alliance with approximately 200,000 indigenous warriors from city-states, particularly the Tlaxcala and Cempoala (groups who had resented the Aztecs and Mexicas and wanted to see them vanquished).

What caused the Spanish conquest?

The discovery made by Columbus sparked a wave of exploration by Spanish explorers.Later Spanish explorers were unrelenting in their pursuit of land and riches, and they were motivated to do so by stories of rivers flowing with gold and aboriginal peoples that were submissive and easily manipulated.Conquistadors were the name given to Spanish explorers who arrived in the New World with the intention of conquering it.

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What four factors helped the Spanish defeat the Aztecs?

  1. Weaponry of a Superior Quality The Spanish had access to armament that was considerably more advanced than whatever the Aztecs or Incas had
  2. Alliances as well as previous experience. The Spanish armies that invaded Mexico took advantage of internal strife inside the Aztec and Inca empires.
  3. The Strength and Might of Horses
  4. A Perilous Illness

What four advantages did the Spanish have over the Aztecs?

Steel, sickness, organized alliances, and 16 horses were some of the advantages that the Spanish held against the Aztecs. Other advantages were firearms and armor.

What did the Spanish bring with them that caused the Aztec Empire to collapse?

When the Spanish landed in North America, they carried the disease known as smallpox with them. Aztecs did not had any protection to the illnesses brought by Europeans. The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish.

What did the Spanish conquistadors want?

The Spanish conquistadors were, in all intents and purposes, legalized pirates. Their objective was to seize territory and resources for the benefit of their investors and to subjugate the indigenous people of other places in order to gain riches and fame. They were also extremely important in the dissemination and establishment of religion.

How did Spain take over Mexico?

It was friendly fire that ended Montezuma’s life.The remaining members of the Spanish conquistador expedition made their way out of the city and subsequently returned with more troops.They courageously lay siege to Tenochtitlan for months before ultimately capturing it on August 13, 1521, which resulted in the Spanish assuming their due role as ruler of the territory that is now known as Mexico.

Harold Plumb

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