Because the Spanish made false promises to the Tlaxcala and other native tribes that they would give them territory and a tax-free partnership in the post-conquest rule of Mexico, they received assistance from the Tlaxcala, a Mesoamerican civilisation that competed with the Aztecs for dominance in the region, as well as other native tribes that allied with them to defeat the Aztecs, particularly during the siege of Tenochtitlan.
Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.
The invasion of the Aztec Empire by the Spanish. On August 13, 1521, a coalition army of Spanish soldiers and local Tlaxcalan warriors headed by Cortés and Xicotencatl the Younger seized the emperor Cuauhtemoc and Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire. This event marked the culmination of the Spanish campaign against the Aztec Empire.
When the Spanish approached the town of Otumba, the Aztecs had already made preparations to launch a decisive and devastating assault on the Spanish. 20 The Aztecs had a significant numerical advantage against the fatigued and injured Spanish. The Aztecs launched an assault and encircled the Spanish infantry, which was in a weakened state.
On either the 9th or the 10th of July, the Aztec warriors attack the Spanish and Tlaxcalteca soldiers that are stationed at Otumba.11 or 12 of July: Travel to Tlaxcala for your retreat.On August 1, the Spanish government launched a punitive expedition in Tepeaca as a form of retaliation for the killing of Spaniards by the local population.The coronation of Cuitlahuac as Moctezuma’s successor takes place in the middle of September.
Despite the fact that they were the Aztecs’ foes, the Tlaxcalans did not welcome the Spanish when they first arrived in their territory. As soon as the Spanish invaded their area, the Tlaxcalans launched an attack. The Tlaxcalans assembled enormous forces, but the Spanish were, as was their customary lot, vastly outnumbered.
The Aztecs had lost faith in Montezuma, their food supply was running low, and an outbreak of smallpox had begun among them. More than three million Aztecs perished as a result of the smallpox epidemic; with such a severely depleted population, it was very simple for the Spanish to conquer Tenochtitlán.
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
The weapons utilized by the Spanish was considerably more advanced than anything the Aztecs or Incas had ever created. Over a dozen enormous portable cannons were utilized by Cortés and his troops throughout their conflict with the Aztecs, mostly for the shock effect these weapons provided.
The Aztecs suffered from the effects of smallpox in more ways than one. To begin, it directly caused the death of a significant number of its victims, mainly newborns and young children.
The Spanish were successful in their conquest of North and South America not only due to their possession of horses, dogs, firearms, and swords, but also due to the fact that they carried viruses with them that caused many native Americans to get ill. Native Americans had never been exposed to diseases such as measles or smallpox; as a result, they lacked immunity to these conditions.
When European settlers came in North America, they brought with them infectious diseases to which the indigenous peoples had no immunity.Shortly after the arrival of the Spanish in Mexico in 1519, smallpox wiped off anywhere from 5 million to 8 million Aztecs.It is now believed that an altogether other sickness was responsible for the death of 15 million Aztecs and the collapse of their civilisation.
The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish. The epidemic decimated the Aztec people, causing a significant drop in their population and causing an estimated fifty percent of the people living in Tenochtitlan to perish. Cuitláhuac, the Emperor of the Aztecs, was one of them who passed away.
The Inca had previously had some interaction with Europeans, and a number of their people had perished as a result of illnesses brought over by the Europeans. A civil war that broke out between two brothers who were running the empire was another factor that contributed to its decline. Pizarro was able to influence the two opposing sides and ultimately triumph over both of them.
When the Spanish conquered Mexico, they took advantage of a vulnerability in the Aztec empire, but what exactly was that weakness?The majority of the people who were subjugated by the Aztecs never considered themselves to be ″real″ Aztecs.They despised having to pay tribute because they want their independence.The Aztec Empire suffered from a lack of cohesiveness as a direct result of these emotions.
And by the year 1428, Itzcoatl, also known as ″Obsidian Snake,″ the emperor of the Aztecs, together with Tlacaelel, his principal adviser, led the Aztecs to victory against their former friends and oppressors. The Aztecs built a dominion in the 15th century that eventually included the majority of what is now Mexico under the leadership of a series of ambitious rulers who ruled over them.
Only a little amount of meat was consumed on a daily basis; the Aztec diet was predominantly vegetarian, with the exception of grasshoppers, maguey worms, ants, and other types of larvae. Even in modern times, certain regions of Mexico consider some of these insects to be culinary treats.
Nahua is the name that has come to be used for the Aztecs’ descendants in modern times. More than one and a half million Nahua people make their life in tiny settlements that are spread out throughout wide swaths of rural Mexico. These people make their living mostly by farming and sometimes by selling handicrafts.
Battle. The earliest weapons that were employed when the invading and defending armies sighted one other were projected weapons such as atlatls or dart throwers, slings, spears, and bows and arrows. When the troops got close enough to engage in combat, they employed clubs made of obsidian, swords, and daggers that were very sharp.