The Incas had invented a system for keeping track of numerical information that did not need the use of writing. It consisted of tying knots in threads known as quipu. It should be noted that the quipu was not a calculator but rather a storage device.
The Incas and other ancient Andean societies employed a system called a quipu (khipu), which consisted of thread and knots, in order to retain records and transmit information with one another. This uncomplicated and very portable gadget attained a surprising level of accuracy and adaptability in spite of the lack of an alphabetic writing system.
Cotton or camelid fiber strings were typically used to construct a quipu. They were utilized by the Inca people for the purposes of data collection and record keeping, the management of tax responsibilities, the collection of census records, calendrical information, and the organization of the military.
Or maybe they didn’t. Although the Incas did not leave behind any written documents, they did leave behind colorful threads that were twisted together. Each of these implements was referred to as a khipu (pronounced key-poo). We are aware that these complicated ropes are a mechanism for recording numbers quite similar to an abacus.
The quipu was the Inca system for keeping records. The use of different colored ropes knotted together allowed this quipu to accurately record dates, statistics, and numbers.
Because the only documented descriptions of the Inca were produced by people who were not from the Inca society, its mythology and culture were passed down from generation to generation through the oral tradition of professional storytellers.
The Aztecs had their own method of writing, which they used to keep records. In the same way that we use letters to construct words, they employed symbols called pictograms and ideograms to convey meaning.
The Incas invented dozens of different ways for working with textiles, stone, and metal throughout their history. They were deft and competent in their work. They were also responsible for the development of several farming and agricultural techniques. The quality of their roadways was also something to be admired.
How did the Sapa Inca maintain control over his vast kingdom and ensure the consolidation of his power? The Sapa Inca possessed complete dominion over their subjects. He spread Inca culture and religion over the whole empire, including their language and beliefs.
They were renowned for their one-of-a-kind art and architecture, and wherever they conquered, they erected magnificent and imposing structures. In addition, their spectacular adaptation of natural landscapes with terracing, highways, and mountaintop settlements continues to impress modern visitors at sites such as Machu Picchu.
They were responsible for a number of remarkable innovations, including the construction of roads and bridges, such as suspension bridges, which rely on thick cables to support the walkway over the water. Their method of communication was known as quipu, and it consisted of a network of threads and knots that logged information.
Leland Locke and Erland Nordenskiold, two researchers, have carried out research that has attempted to discover what mathematical knowledge was known by the Incas and how they utilized the Peruvian quipu, which is a counting system that uses cords and knots, in their mathematics. This research was carried out in an effort to discover what mathematical knowledge was known by the Incas.
In order to transmit communications from one section of their domain to another, they made use of messengers known as chasquis.
How was Incan history written down and passed down from generation to generation? Stories, poems, and dates were originally recorded using quipu, which was an oral tradition.