Explorer Who Defeated The Aztecs And Built Mexico City?

Explorer Who Defeated The Aztecs And Built Mexico City?

Hernán Cortés, a Spanish conqueror who lived sometime between 1485 and 1547, is probably most remembered for defeating the Aztecs and establishing Spanish control over Mexico.

Who conquered the Aztecs and established Mexico city?

One of the most important events in Spanish colonization of the Americas was the conquest of the Aztec Empire by the Spanish. This event is also known as the Conquest of Mexico or the Spanish-Aztec War, and it took place between 1519 and 1521.

Which Explorer ended the Aztec empire?

Hernán Cortés
Children Don Martín Cortés, 2nd Marquess of the Valley of Oaxaca Doña María Cortés Doña Catalína Cortés Doña Juana Cortės Martín Cortés Leonor Cortés Moctezuma
Occupation Conquistador
Known for Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, Spanish conquest of Honduras

What happened to the Aztecs after they were conquered?

After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.

Why did the Aztecs lose to the Spanish?

The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.

How did Aztec Empire fall?

In 1521, a group of foreign invaders headed by the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés successfully destroyed the Aztec Empire and took control of Tenochtitlan, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great indigenous civilisation.

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Who defeated the Incas?

In the year 1532, at the Battle of Cajamarca, 168 Spanish soldiers under the command of the explorer Francisco Pizarro, his brothers, and their indigenous allies successfully captured the Sapa Inca Atahualpa. This victory came after years of preceding exploration and military engagements. The invasion of the Inca Empire by the Spanish.

Date 1532–1572
Location Western South America

Why did the Aztec Empire collapse?

Aztecs did not had any protection to the illnesses brought by Europeans. The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish. The epidemic decimated the Aztec people, causing a significant drop in their population and causing an estimated fifty percent of the people living in Tenochtitlan to perish.

Who helped the Spanish defeat the Aztecs?

The city was taken by the Spanish army with assistance from other forces. According to Cosme, even though Cortés enslaved a significant portion of the local people, other native tribes were essential to the success of his endeavors. The inhabitants of Tlaxcala were among those who assisted him in reorganizing his forces and capturing Tenochtitlan.

How did the Spanish treat the Aztecs after they defeated?

Because of their contribution to the development of Aztec society, the Spanish had a beneficial impact on Aztec civilisation. They taught the Aztecs how to cultivate using European techniques, as well as how to raise domestic animals, sugar, and wheat. The most important thing that the Spanish did was to put an end to the Aztec practice of human sacrifice.

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How many men did Cortés use to defeat the Aztecs?

Cortés assembled his own rogue crew of 100 sailors, 11 ships, 508 soldiers, and 16 horses in order to appropriate new land for the Spanish crown, convert the indigenous people to Christianity, and plunder the region for gold and riches. His goals were to appropriate new land for the Spanish crown, convert the indigenous people to Christianity, and plunder the region for gold and riches.

Why did the Aztecs and Spanish fight?

The peoples who had been subjugated by the Aztecs disliked the Aztecs for demanding payment and victims for their religious sacrifices, but the Aztec military managed to keep any uprisings under control. Hernán Cortés, a young nobleman who was born in Spain, traveled to the island of Hispaniola in the West Indies in the year 1504.

How many Aztecs were killed in the Spanish conquest?

  1. When European settlers came in North America, they brought with them infectious diseases to which the indigenous peoples had no immunity.
  2. Shortly after the arrival of the Spanish in Mexico in 1519, smallpox wiped off anywhere from 5 million to 8 million Aztecs.
  3. It is now believed that an altogether other sickness was responsible for the death of 15 million Aztecs and the collapse of their civilisation.

Harold Plumb

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