In the year 1513, he was a member of the voyage that was led by Vasco Nez de Balboa and was the one who led to the discovery of the Pacific Ocean.https://www.history.com/exploration/francisco-pizarro-the-Spanish-explorer-and-conquistador-springs-a-trap-on-Atahualpa-the-Emperor-of-the-Inca-people/
Hernán Cortés and a small band of soldiers were able to bring down the Aztec empire in Mexico between the years 1519 and 1521. Francisco Pizarro and his troops were able to bring down the Inca empire in Peru between the years 1532 and 1533. These victories created the groundwork for the colonial governments that would go on to radically alter the American continent.
Pizarro did not set off on the journey that would ultimately bring him enduring reputation until the year 1523, when he was around 48 years old. This was also the year that he began his first expedition. He did this in collaboration with a soldier named Diego de Almagro and a priest named Hernando de Luque. Their mission was to explore and conquer the western coast of South America.
In the year 1532, at the Battle of Cajamarca, 168 Spanish soldiers under the command of the explorer Francisco Pizarro, his brothers, and their indigenous allies successfully captured the Sapa Inca Atahualpa. This victory came after years of preceding exploration and military engagements. The invasion of the Inca Empire by the Spanish.
|Location||Western South America|
Atahuallpa, also spelled Atahualpa, was the 13th and last Inca emperor. He was born around the year 1502 and died on August 29, 1533 in Cajamarca, which was then the capital of the Inca empire. Atahuallpa was victorious in a devastating civil war with his half brother, only to be captured by Francisco Pizarro, held for ransom, and then executed by Pizarro.
Atahualpa was captured at the village of Cajamarca by a small band of Spanish warriors headed by Francisco Pizarro. Atahualpa was on his way to the Inca capital of Cuzco to claim his throne when he was captured. Pizarro had Atahualpa killed in 1533, despite the fact that Atahualpa is said to have offered to fill a chamber with gold and silver in return for his freedom in the legend.
Atahualpa was able to defeat Huáscar’s forces, which had been sent by the Inca because he believed his brother could usurp him. As a result of this victory, Atahualpa was able to capture the Inca Empire and rule as Sapa Inca.
Any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, particularly in the 16th century in Mexico and Peru, is referred to as a conquistador. The word ″conquistador″ comes from the Spanish word ″conquista,″ which means ″conqueror.″
Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.
The Spanish were successful in their conquest of North and South America not only due to their possession of horses, dogs, firearms, and swords, but also due to the fact that they carried viruses with them that caused many native Americans to get ill. Native Americans had never been exposed to diseases such as measles or smallpox; as a result, they lacked immunity to these conditions.
In the late 1530s or early 1531, Pizarro led a group of 180 soldiers on an expedition to Peru.
Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, who also went by the name Pachacutec, was an Inca emperor who ruled from 1438 until 1471. He was known as an empire builder and has been compared to Philip II of Macedonia due to the rapid and widespread expansion of the Inca state that he oversaw. Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui flourished in the 15th century.