Following his victory against the Chanca people, also known as Pachakutiq Inka Yupanki, Pachacuti created the Inca Empire. The Chanca people were an indigenous tribe that thrived in the Andes from the 10th to the 14th century. In the year 1438, the Chanca launched an assault on Cuzco, the capital of the Inca empire, and threatened to capture the city.
AncientPages.com Contributor A. Sutherland – A myth served as the foundation for both the Inca state and society. Manco Capa ollo and his sister Mama Ocllo, who were offspring of the deity Inti, are said to have strayed from Lake Titicaca to the Cuzco Valley. Their father, the sun god, charged them with the responsibility of founding a civilized society.
The Incas were able to ensure a limitless supply of physical labor because to their system of communal labor and the most advanced controlled economy of its time. They constructed a paved road system that spanned over 14,000 miles and linked Cusco, the capital city, to the furthest reaches of the empire. In every region of the empire, a bridge was constructed.
Large stone towns, exquisite temples, an advanced administration, a complex tax system, and an extensive road system were all hallmarks of their civilization. The Inca, on the other hand, did not possess a number of the fundamental technologies that are typically seen as being essential to mature nations.
The Incas came up with strategies to get around the challenging terrain of the Andes, such as constructing stone stairs on steep slopes and low barriers in desert areas along the shore to prevent sand from blowing onto the road. Both of these innovations were necessary to facilitate travel.
Engineering was the Inca culture’s most advanced technological ability. The most impressive example is their incredible network of roadways. The Incas constructed a network of roadways that stretched the length and breadth of their kingdom. They hacked staircases and tunnels out of the rock in order to make pathways through mountain ranges that were particularly steep.
The Incas were able to build parts of the mountain that were suited for farming by carving flat planes into the rock. These regions are able to survive the challenges that are typical of mountain climates since they are surrounded by stone walls. The Incas were able to cultivate, and they also had domesticated types of plants that were better able to survive in severe environments.
The author TK McEwan states in his book ″The Incas: New Perspectives″ (ABC-CLIO, 2006) that one of the primary reasons why the Inca were able to expand their empire was because the infrastructure was already in place. This included things like hydraulic systems and highways that were left behind by the empires that came before the Inca.
The Incas were able to unify their empire by imposing their language on the peoples they conquered, requiring them to serve in the military, and constructing a sophisticated and extensive writing system.
Along the main roadways, the Incas constructed messenger stations at regular intervals of a couple of kilometers. The message was transported from one station to the next by chasquis, also known as messengers. As memory devices, they made use of quipus, which were essentially collections of strings. Did the Incas use a form of written communication?