Around the beginning of the first century AD, Teotihuacan was established in the Mexican Highlands as a sacred center. It grew to become the greatest and most populous metropolis in the Americas before European colonization. The dense population of Teotihuacan required the construction of multi-story housing complexes, which were found in the city.
Since metalworking was uncommon in Mesoamerica, obsidian was indispensable to both daily living and the region’s military might. Teotihuacan was able to exercise dominance over trade in the region after it gained control of it. One of the potential reasons that Teotihuacan was populated and eventually expanded to such a big size is because of the existence of obsidian in the area.
And we have no idea where it came from. More than a thousand years passed before the Nahuatl-speaking Aztecs swept into the center of Mexico and began construction on this structure by hand. Teotihuacan is the name that is currently given to the location, which was given to it by the Aztecs when they visited the site and were no likely impressed by what they saw there.
Teotihuacan was established more than two thousand years ago, and by the second century A.D., it had already grown into a prosperous metropolis. The city was constructed in accordance with a detailed architectural plan; its layout is geometrical, and it contains an intricate network of irrigation canals that take water from the river San Juan, which is located nearby.
Teotihuacan is famous all throughout the world for the vibrant murals that were painted on plastered walls there. In addition to being located atop other structures inside the city that have been designated as palaces and temples, they are widespread across the city’s various housing complexes.
It went from being a little hamlet on an island in the western wetlands of Lake Texcoco to being the dominant political, economic, and religious capital of the largest empire that existed in Precolumbian Mexico in less than 200 years. Tenochtitlan was a city of tremendous riches, which had been acquired via the plunder of tribute from places that had been conquered.
The inside of the Pyramid of the Sun is estimated to contain over 41 million cubic feet of debris, most of which is rubble. It is a large heap consisting of mud bricks, pebbles, and other debris. (This is also the case with the Feathered Serpent Pyramid, which is why looters and archaeologists were able to dig their way inside of it.)
In addition to his guise as a plumed serpent, Quetzalcóatl was frequently depicted as a bearded man. When he took on the role of Ehécatl, the wind god, he was depicted wearing a mask with two protruding tubes (through which the wind blew) and a conical hat, which was typical of the Huastec people who lived in east-central Mexico.
Teotihuacan: what exactly is it? Around the time of the birth of Christ, the Teotihuacan region of the Mexican Highlands became home to a new religious center known as Teotihuacan.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. Teotihuacán Teotihuacán The region had been occupied by 400 BCE, but it was not until three centuries later, when refugees from Cuicuilco, a city that had been devastated by volcanic activity, arrived, that it saw large-scale urban expansion. It is unknown whether or whether the fundamental urban plan dates back to that historical period.
Between the years 1 and 250 A.D., the Teotihuacan people constructed the Pyramids of the Sun and of the Moon. Each pyramid in this group was built around a central mound of debris that was supported by retaining walls, just like the majority of pyramids in Mesoamerica.