There are a great number of factors that contributed to the demise of the Maya civilization; nevertheless, one of the primary reasons is that the demands the Maya made on their environment came to be more than what the land could support. Around 15 million people were living in Mayan territories during the height of their civilization.
Overpopulation, environmental deterioration, conflict, shifting trade routes, and protracted drought are only few of the possible contributing factors that may have led to the collapse of the Maya civilisation in the southern lowlands.Scholars have also proposed a variety of other possible explanations.It is quite likely that the collapse was caused by a multifaceted confluence of several variables.
‘It is really important to get the message out there that even though classic Maya cities and states did collapse, and culture did transform, the Maya in no way disappeared,’ said Middleton, adding that ‘we should pay attention to the story, the state, and the status of the Maya descendent population in Mesoamerica now.’ Middleton was referring to the fact that although classic Maya cities and states did collapse, and culture did transform, the Maya in no way disappeared.Initial publication on the website Live Science.
According to the notion of drought, the rapid climatic change in the form of severe drought was responsible for the collapse of the Classic Maya civilization (a megadrought). Ample evidence of protracted droughts was uncovered by climatologists in the Maya heartlands of the Yucatán Peninsula and the Petén Basin during the Terminal Classic.
The Maya used wood for construction reasons, and as their towns developed, there was a greater need for timber as a result of the Maya’s growing population.Since the Maya chopped down and burnt a lot of lumber very quickly and very huge, there was a lot of deforestation.According to certain estimations based on research, the ancient Maya utilized almost twenty individual pieces of wood to construct one square meter of cityscape.