Machu Picchu fell into ruin because it had been used as a refuge for Inca monarchy at the time of the Spanish conquest of Peru. At that time, the Inca nobility were held hostage by the Spanish.
Although it was removed from the major roadways, it was a significant agricultural hub. Even now, Machu Picchu is mostly a mystery, which is likely one of the reasons why its ancient conquerors chose not to demolish it. Machu Picchu was deserted as soon as the final Inca rebel, Tupac Amaru, was brought to justice since there was no longer any incentive to remain there.
Machu Picchu was deserted at some point. Following the destruction of the final Incan city in 1572, the Incan dynasty of monarchs came to an end. Machu Picchu was formerly a royal retreat that was frequented by powerful rulers, but it has now fallen into disrepair. The location is now included on the list of World Heritage sites maintained by the United Nations.
Machu Picchu’s Inca Past It is assumed that it was deserted around one hundred years after it was built, most likely around the time when the Spanish launched their conquest of the powerful pre-Columbian civilisation in the 1530s.
Some historians believe that the sudden evacuation of Machu Picchu could have been linked to the death of Pachacutec, who was the great emperor of the Inca. While war and plagues appear to be plausible reasons for the abandonment of the site, some historians also consider it possible that the sudden evacuation could have been linked to the death of Pachacutec.
Although the decline of the Incan Empire can be attributed to a number of factors, such as the introduction of new diseases and technological advances in armament, the adept political maneuvering of the Spanish was a significant contributor to the collapse of this once-mighty empire.
The majority of Inca mummies were put in the traditional fetal position and were either wrapped in leather or linen, placed in baskets, or buried beneath enormous jars made of pottery. These’mummy bundles’ were sometimes colorfully adorned before being buried with various objects, including food, clothes, and other goods.
The future of Machu Picchu is in jeopardy because of unchecked expansion, erosion, and the persistent possibility of landslides that might completely eradicate the site.
Unfortunately, the Spanish invasion resulted in the destruction of the majority of the towns that the Inca civilisation had erected. Machu Picchu is considered to be one of the most well-preserved Inca towns as well as an archaeological treasure since it was in a concealed position, which was invisible from below, and it was not located.
The majority of modern archaeologists are of the opinion that Machu Picchu was built as a residence for the Inca Emperor Pachacuti (who ruled from 1438 to 1472) It is the most well-known symbol of Inca culture and is frequently referred to as the ″Lost City of the Incas.″ [Citation needed]
Machu Picchu is the name that has been given to the ancient Incan ruins that can be found in Peru. According to the findings of two experts, the ancient name of the location was either Picchu or Huayna Picchu.
THE ANCIENT INCA CITY OF MACHU PICCHU, WHICH LIES IN RUINS TODAY Machu Picchu was constructed as a fortified city for the elite of Cuzco, which was the capital of the Inca empire. The name Machu Picchu translates to ″Old Mountain″ in the local language of Peru. The ruins of this city were not found until the 20th century, more than four centuries after they had been abandoned.