At the time when the Europeans came, the people who were living under the control of the Aztecs desired a change in their rulers because they felt that their civilization was simply going in the wrong direction.By the year 1519, the Spaniards were well on their way with sophisticated technology and weaponry, while the Aztecs were slipping farther and further behind, even in agricultural practices.
People who were taken prisoner in battle were either sold as slaves or used as sacrifices in Aztec religious rituals. The growth of the empire through more conquests provided a source of power for the empire as well as additional wealth in the form of tribute.
Rulers, the Supreme Ruler, and the Voice of the People were the three types of Aztec leaders. In the hierarchical framework of the Aztec city-state, a tlatoani held the position of supreme authority. It was believed that he spoke for his people because he was the leader of their nation or monarch.
As the power and influence of the empire increased, wars fought for tribute and prisoners became an accepted way of life.Although the Aztecs were successful in capturing numerous city states, some of them put up a fight.Tlaxcalla, Cholula, and Huexotzinco were all strongholds that resisted Aztec rule and were never completely subjugated.The Aztec Empire was a powerful and prosperous empire that also had a rich culture, architecture, and artistic tradition.
The latter part of the 15th century was characterized by the Aztec Triple Alliance’s reign of dominance over the surrounding territories, during which they amassed a vast treasure trove in the form of tribute. In the end, the Aztecs were able to exert dominance over a significant portion of central and southern Mexico.
A high council consisting of four nobles who were linked to the previous monarch chose who would succeed the former emperor. The siblings or sons of a recently dead sovereign were often considered candidates for the position of emperor.
The governance of the Aztecs was very similar to that of a monarchy, in which an Emperor or King served as the supreme authority. The people referred to their leader as the Huey Tlatoani. The Huey Tlatoani had the highest level of authority in the region. They believed that the gods had chosen him to reign and that he thus has the divine right to do so.
Aztecs did not had any protection to the illnesses brought by Europeans. The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish. The epidemic decimated the Aztec people, causing a significant drop in their population and causing an estimated fifty percent of the people living in Tenochtitlan to perish.
In order to expand their kingdom, the Aztecs entered into several alliances and collaborations. The Aztecs demanded tribute from the peoples they conquered, which may take the form of cotton, money, or even food. The Aztecs maintained control over a vast commercial network. The markets in the Aztec Empire attracted consumers and merchants from all throughout the empire.
Many people consider Ahuitzotl, the eighth monarch of the Aztecs, who ruled from 1486 to 1502 to be the best Aztec emperor. He governed from 1486 until 1502.
They primarily exercised control over the entirety of the Aztec Empire. For example, it was the responsibility of the huey tlatoani to oversee the Aztec Empire’s system of paying tribute, as well as the military, any battles that were fought, and the expansion of the empire into new territories.
The military might of the Aztecs, the influence of their religion, and the structure of their tribute system contributed to the strength of their state. They created their own calendar with 18 months that each had 20 days, built enormous cities, pyramids, and temples, and established a farming method that they called chinampas that they used to cultivate crops on shallow lake bottoms.
|Triple Alliance (Aztec Empire) Ēxcān Tlahtōlōyān|
|Huehuetlatoani of Tenochtitlan|
|1427–1440||Itzcoatl (Alliance founder)|
|Huetlatoani of Texcoco|
It is generally accepted that the Aztec civilisation was the last of the great Mesoamerican cultures to exist before the arrival of Europeans. In addition to constructing magnificent temple-pyramids, employing complex agricultural techniques, having their eagle warriors build a huge empire, and offering human sacrifices to their gods, these people formed a great empire.
The horrific sacrifices, religion, plagues, and the tactics utilized by the Spanish against the Aztecs were the four key causes that were visible in the demise of the Aztecs..
Shortly after the arrival of the Spanish in Mexico in 1519, smallpox wiped off anywhere from 5 million to 8 million Aztecs.
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
The administration of the Aztec Empire was organized in a hierarchical structure, with authority and responsibility flowing from the highest levels down.Indirect control was exercised by the empire over its provinces.That is, the empire did not interfere with the affairs of the local authorities as long as the province or territory paid the tribute it due to the empire on time and in full.
The Aztecs started constructing the canals and dikes that were essential to their method of agriculture and for maintaining water level control. They construct causeways that connect the island to the mainland.