In his pursuit of riches, glory, and deity, Cortes set his sights on the Aztec people. As a result of these factors, a significant number of individuals living in the Aztec Empire were miserable. A number of them provided assistance to the Spanish conquistadors during their conquest of the empire.
An exploration mission to find gold on the North American continent was what kicked off the process of gaining control of Mexico. Cortés led around 450 troops to Mexico in 1519 and made his way from Veracruz on the Gulf Coast to the island city of Tenochtitlan, which was the magnificently gorgeous Aztec capital situated in Lake Texcoco. Cortés arrived in Mexico from Veracruz.
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
Even though the invading Spanish army were vastly outnumbered by the native people, they managed to conquer the Aztec and Incan civilizations in the early 1500s by sailing across the Pacific Ocean and landing on the other side of the continent. The contrasts in expertise and technology that existed between the two sides contributed, in part, to this victory.
Because of their contribution to the development of Aztec society, the Spanish had a beneficial impact on Aztec civilisation. They taught the Aztecs how to cultivate using European techniques, as well as how to raise domestic animals, sugar, and wheat. The most important thing that the Spanish did was to put an end to the Aztec practice of human sacrifice.
Christopher Columbus made the initial discovery of the islands that would later become the Bahamas in the year 1492. This event is considered to be the starting point of Spain’s conquest of the Americas.
Christopher Columbus sailed across the ocean for five years in search of a shorter and more direct path to Asia before finally arriving in 1492. They desired wealth as well as the everlasting fame of being the ones who found the superior water highway to Asia in order to travel to Asia. They also desired to propagate their Catholicism throughout the world.
Any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, particularly in the 16th century in Mexico and Peru, is referred to as a conquistador. The word ″conquistador″ comes from the Spanish word ″conquista,″ which means ″conqueror.″
The Aztecs had lost faith in Montezuma, their food supply was running low, and an outbreak of smallpox had begun among them. More than three million Aztecs perished as a result of the smallpox epidemic; with such a severely depleted population, it was very simple for the Spanish to conquer Tenochtitlán.
Why was it that the Spanish were able to overthrow the powerful Aztec Empire despite having a numerical disadvantage? It was due to a number of factors, including the fact that the Aztecs believed they were gods and hence would not hurt them, the fact that smallpox was killing them, and the fact that the Spanish possessed superior weaponry like as firearms and steel swords.
The peoples that the Spanish captured were treated in what manner? Inhumanely, the Spanish oppressed the native people and forced them to work on their ″encomienda″ farms, ranches, and mines.
And by the year 1428, Itzcoatl, also known as ″Obsidian Snake,″ the emperor of the Aztecs, together with Tlacaelel, his principal adviser, led the Aztecs to victory against their former friends and oppressors. The Aztecs built a dominion in the 15th century that eventually included the majority of what is now Mexico under the leadership of a series of ambitious rulers who ruled over them.